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CA PANB MC228
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- Wheaton, Daniel and Elisha
15 cm of textual records
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Carriage makers, Daniel and Elisha Wheaton, the sons of Mary Kennedy and David Wheaton (1765-1851), were born about 1825 and 1822 respectively, in the parish of Sackville, Westmorland County, New Brunswick. By the early 1850s, both Elisha and Daniel were working in the carriage-making trade at Upper Sackville, Daniel as a carriage maker and Elisha as a blacksmith. Elisha and his wife, Rebecca Kinnear, had no fewer than 8 children: Lucetty, Calvin, Anne, Herbert, Frank (1855-1927), Sarah, Frederick, and Carrie. These records suggest that Frank Wheaton had joined his father in the business by the 1880s. Other members of the Wheaton family were probably employed by the firm.
In addition to the manufacture and repair of wagons, carriages and carts, Wheaton Brothers made woodwork for carriages, racks, flooring, coffins, and iron work. The business also sold other goods: clapboards, shingles, lumber, cloth, clothing, boots, shoes, oats, hay, maple sugar, and flour. Customers paid their accounts in cash, kind, or labour. The business was still functioning in 1904.
Frank Wheaton's accounting exercise book came into the hands of the Guptill Hicks family of Upper Sackville, New Brunswick probably before 1938. "Guptill Hicks Up. Sackville" is stamped many times on the inside of its cover. The Wheaton Brothers fonds arrived at the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick with MC666.
Scope and content
This fonds consists of the business records of Wheaton Brothers. It includes 2 day books (1855-1864, 1885-1891) and a single account ledger (1854-1864, 1893-1904). The day books provide such detailed information as names of customers, dates of transactions, goods and products sold, services rendered, amounts charged, and payments received. There is also information pertaining to the hiring of workers, particularly, their date of hiring, term of employment, and wage promised.
The account ledger contains individual customer accounts that provide detailed information on goods and services purchased, amounts charged, and payments received. Frequently, the customer's place of residence is noted. The firm's customers lived in Sackville, Shediac, Amherst, Shemague, Salisbury, Petitcodiac, Coverdale, Tignish, Jolicure, Dorchester, and elsewhere.
The fonds also contains Frank Wheaton's accounting exercise book or work book, which provides information on 19th century accounting practices. He may have been a student in the commercial department of Sackville Academy in the 1870s.
Lastly, there are a few household accounts of Hedley Hicks with Sackville merchants dating to the 1930s, along with a very few household accounts of E. A. Wheaton dating to the same period.
Immediate source of acquisition
Donated to the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick by Julia Filmore, of Sackville, New Brunswick 23 August 1974.
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An inventory is available.
Records of other Sackville carriage makers can be found in MC23 Middle Sackville carriage maker's fonds and on microfilm no. F226 (George Campbell and Sons records).