Fonds MC11 - Treadwell Family Fonds

Title proper

Treadwell Family Fonds

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  • Textual record

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Treadwell Military Records

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  • 1864-1880 (Creation)
    Treadwell family

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Biographical history

Treadwell House, 294 Water Street was built in 1840 for John Treadwell Snr. He was a block and Spar marker during the golden age of sail. After the decline of ship building in St Andrews he became a bridge contractor, he died in 1899.

The Treadwell House is also recognized as the childhood home of John Treadwell Jr., who had a lasting influence in Alaskan Gold Mining. Like his father he was a carpenter by trade and for many years he worked in his father business as a block and spa maker.

He left for California to work in the Gold Mines and in 1881 he left for Alaska to stake out Land Claims and purchased land in the area. Success lead him to sell his interests in those properties in 1889 for 1.5 million dollars he returned to California. The Gold mine town of Treadwell, Alaska was named after him and was one mile from Douglas Town on Douglas Island, both of these towns only existed to service the mine. Treadwell Gold Mine was at the time the largest Gold Mine in the world and remains Alaska’s second largest Gold Mine of all times. One Hundred Tons of Gold where mined between 1881 and 1917. A flood in 1918 destroyed the mine and the town

Custodial history

Donated by Fred Treadwell of Illinois, USA. Charlotte County Archives holds copyright.

Scope and content

Papers consist of Nathan Treadwell's commission as captain in First Battalion, Charlotte County Militia, Dec. 12, 1864, 10 certificates of discharge of seamen Hedley V. Treadwell from ship 'Senator Weber (Liverpool),1976-9 and ship 'Regent' 1880-83, and two handwritten testimonials, also a brief genealogy recorded by J.C Medcof in 1965 and 2 photos ; certificate of Merit to Nathan Treadwell ; newspaper article on Treadwell home.

Physical condition

Certificates are in good condition although coloured with age ; the two letters are in poor condition with tears across the signatures and very discoloured ; writing is legible ; Certificate of Merit is in good shape although it has been folded several times in the past ; newspaper article is in good shape.

Immediate source of acquisition

Charlotte County Archives received documents from Fred Treadwell.


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  • English

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