Fonds ID272 - Sussex Indian Academy

Title proper

Sussex Indian Academy

General material designation

  • Textual record

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on contents.

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Physical description

2 cm of textual records

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Administrative history

The Indian Academy at Sussex, New Brunswick, was established under the auspices of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 1794, with Rev. Oliver Arnold as the first headmaster. The schooling of native children caused problems as their parents had lost the children as workers. Students were apprenticed to settlers: girls were taught dairying and weaving; boys learnt shoemaking and farming. This system was open to abuse, with the children ending up as domestic servants or farm hands. The school closed in 1826 as it was felt it was not improving the Indians as had been hoped. The apprenticed children were still required to work out their terms until 1833.

The Story of Sussex and Vicinity, 1967

Custodial history

Information about the custody of these records prior to acquisition is incomplete.

Scope and content

This fonds consists of correspondence and other material of the Indian Academy, 1786-1832. There are returns of scholars 1808-1809, 1813, 1825, and receipts re: payments and supplies, 1808-1826.

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Acquired from Grace Aiton, 1955


Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

S 52 - 7

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

No restrictions

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Detailed inventory available

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