Fonds MG H 16 - McLeod family

Title proper

McLeod family

General material designation

  • Textual record

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on contents.
  • Variations in title: Formerly known as the Joseph McLeod fonds

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  • 1849-1944; predominant 1849-1894 (Creation)
    McLeod family (Descendants of William McLeod, Penobsquis)

Physical description

56.5 cm of textual records

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(Branch begins in late 18th century)

Biographical history

William McLeod was born in St. John's, Newfoundland, but moved to Penobsquis, Upper Sussex, New Brunswick, around the time of the American Revolution. William lived on the same farm for over sixty years and married Amelia Weyman, the widow of Henry Weyman, an Allinite preacher from Millstream.

Ezekiel McLeod, son of William and Amelia McLeod, was born at Penobsquis on 16 September 1812. He received little formal education and spent his early adult years in Saint John where he tried his hand at merchandising and milling. He became active in the Free Christian Baptist Church and was baptised by the Rev. Samuel Hartt in 1842. In 1848 Ezekiel McLeod was ordained and began preaching in Westmorland County where, in association with the Rev. Samuel Hartt, he helped found a number of churches. He advocated a move away from the Free Baptists' Allinite past towards a more Calvinistic Baptist approach. For many years he was pastor of the Waterloo Street Baptist Church in Saint John, and in 1853, under the sponsorship of the New Brunswick Baptist Conference, started, and became editor of, the Religious Intelligencer and Bible Society, Missionary and Sabbath School Advocate, which would become the voice of the Free Christian Baptist denomination in the province. Originally a bi-weekly publication, the Intelligencer thrived and was published on a weekly basis beginning in 1854. The evangelical weekly newspaper promoted moral reform and public stewardship, and supported Sunday schools, Bible societies, foreign missions, and temperance. It denounced slavery and cruelty to the Natives and was also zealously anti-Catholic.

For the most part Ezekiel McLeod ministered in Saint John, but in 1861 the family moved to Fredericton, where he took charge of the largest Free Baptist chapel in New Brunswick and also helped to establish other churches in the York County region. McLeod maintained firm control over the Intelligencer, leaving no doubt about his opinions. He became a firm supporter of Samuel Leonard Tilley's Prohibition Act of 1855 and a forceful ally of Tilley's party and the confederation scheme. Ezekiel McLeod was still preaching shortly before he died suddenly of a bilious fever on 17 March 1867. He was survived by his wife and nine children.

Clergyman and editor Joseph McLeod, son of the Rev. Ezekiel McLeod, was born in Saint John, New Brunswick on 27 June 1844. As a young man he initially worked as a carpenter but soon joined his father in publishing the Religious Intelligencer. Following his father's death in 1867, Joseph continued as editor.

Joseph McLeod also followed his father's religious vocation, being ordained to the ministry in 1868. For 26 years, he served as pastor of George Street Free Baptist Church (later known as Grace Memorial United Baptist Church) in Fredericton. A supporter of church union, he worked to bring about the amalgamation of the Baptist bodies in 1905 and was elected first president of the United Association. The same year he joined the Rev. Dr. S. McCulley Black as editor of the Maritime Baptist, formed by the union of the Intelligencer with another Baptist weekly the Messenger and Visitor.

Outspoken in support of reform causes, Joseph McLeod was a strong advocate of temperance. He sat as a member of the royal commission appointed to investigate the liquor traffic and for a time was president of the Dominion Temperance Alliance. In 1900 he stood as a prohibition Conservative candidate in York County, nearly defeating Alexander (Boss) Gibson.

McLeod and his wife Jane raised a family of at least three daughters and two sons. Their sons, the Honourable Harry F. McLeod and Norman P. McLeod, both served as aldermen for the city of Saint John. Joseph McLeod died in Saint John on 24 June1913.

Sources: Ezekiel McLeod, Dictionary of Canadian Biography; Biographical Directory of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick Free Baptist Ministers and Preachers, Frederick C. Burnett; "Rev. Dr. McLeod Died on Tuesday," Saint John Globe, 25 June 1913.

McLeod (family)

Custodial history

Information about the custody of these records prior to acquisition is incomplete.

Scope and content

This fonds documents the personal, religious and professional lives of Ezekiel McLeod, Joseph McLeod and to a minor extent, Joseph McLeod's sons, from 1849-1944. Contained in the fonds are Religious Intelligencer business records including ledgers, accounts and financial documentation. Also included are sermons, speeches and meditations, correspondence, documentation pertaining to the Royal Commission on The Liquor Traffic, 1892, Maritime Prohibition Minute book, 1900 - 1901, and material relating to temperance and prohibition. Formats are mostly original and include handwritten business records and notes, a booklet, newspapers, publications and typescripts.

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Donated by Mrs. Harry McLeod in 1951.


Language of material

  • English

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Associated materials

See also Harry McLeod Scrapbook UA RG103, and Samuel Leonard Tilley fonds MG H10a.

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