Fonds MC240 - Michael Samuel & Sons fonds

Title proper

Michael Samuel & Sons fonds

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  • Textual record

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on the contents of the fonds.

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  • 1811-1857 (Creation)
    Michael Samuel & Sons (Chatham, N.B.)

Physical description

1.35 m of textual records and 4 reels of microfilm

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(Established by 1819.)

Administrative history

Businessman Michael Samuel was born about 1787, probably in England. He came to British North America with his brother-in-law John Joseph, arriving first in Halifax, Nova Scotia and then relocating to Chatham, New Brunswick. The family may possibly have had Jewish origins. In 1818 Michael Samuel married Mary Catherine Parker (d. 1834), and they had no fewer than 6 children: William E., Joseph J., Michael, Jr., Samuel G., Sophia, and Susan.

By 1819 Michael Samuel and John Joseph had opened a general store at Chatham. Joseph & Samuel also owned the schooner "Avon" in which they shipped fish to the West Indies, and they were involved in the timber trade. Their branch store at Newcastle was destroyed in the Miramichi Fire. It was later rebuilt and managed by Jacob Samuel, possibly Michael's nephew.

Following Joseph's death in 1835, Michael Samuel worked alone and later in partnership with his sons under the name Michael Samuel & Sons or M. Samuel & Sons. The Samuels had business dealings with individuals and firms located throughout the Atlantic coastal region, including Halifax, Pictou, Cape Tormentine, Charlottetown, Dalhousie, Caraquet, Richibucto, Shippagan, Québec, and Boston, as well as in Liverpool and London, England.

After Joseph J. Samuel's death in 1850, brother William E. Samuel assumed a larger role in the family business. He died in 1859, leaving brother Samuel G. to run the store. Samuel G. Samuel died in 1862, at age 33, and the family patriarch Michael Sr., died in London, England on 14 May of that year.

Source: Dictionary of Miramichi Biography by W. D. Hamilton, 1997

Custodial history

Charles Whity salvaged these records from the city dump, when he discovered that another individual was removing them to use in lighting a stove.

Scope and content

The fonds contains the business records of Michael Samuel and his sons, Michael Jr., Joseph J., William E. and Samuel G. A few records relate to the partnership of John Joseph and Michael Samuel, and a number of letters were written to Michael Samuel, Sr. by his nephew, businessman Jonah Samuels of Dalhousie, N.B.

The fonds consists of correspondence; accounts; invoices; orders; receipts; bills of shipping, lading, and exchange; and a few legal records, including agreements.

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Donated to the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick by Charles Whity of Chatham, N.B. on 7 December 1971.


Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

These records are also available on microfilm reel nos. F7, F8, F9, and F316.

Availability of other formats

Microfilm nos. F7, F8, F9, and F316.

Researchers are also referred to microfilms:
F7: James Roy Merchant Journals (1798-1832), Michael & W E Samuel Merchant Journals (1841-1846)
F8: Journals (1853-1859), Ledgers (1832-1854)
F9: Michael & W E Samuel, Merchants (Monthly Ledger: 1849- 1857; Letter Book: 1831-1851), John Bryson, Merchant (Letter Book: 1852-1857), W S Loggie: Petition that he be nominated for the mayoralty of Chatham P. D. (1852-1857), Urquhart Pedigree Notes
F316: Michael & Wm E. Samuel, General Merchants, Chatham, NB Ledger B: 1837-1849, Old Account Book of 1853, Red Store W.C.

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No restrictions

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An inventory is available.

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