This fonds documents the business, legal, and personal activities of Amasa Coy, Sr. and members of his family, notably, his sister, Mary (Coy) Bradley, his daughter, Sarah P. (Coy) Smith, and his sons, Dr. Amasa P. Coy, John S. Coy, and Asa Coy. In addition, there are records relating to John S. Coy's family, including his wife, Catherine (Trueman) Coy, and their daughters, Mary, Millie, Milcah, and Catherine Coy, as well as to Asa Coy's family, notably, his wife, Mary Ann (Ring) Coy, and their children, A. Holly Coy, Caroline R. (Coy) Waterhouse, Sarah E. (Coy) Phair, Marianne (Coy) Watts, and George Frederick Miles Coy. A few records pertaining to members of the extended family -- Barker, Gabel, Harding, Gale, and Simpson -- are also included.
Mary Coy Bradley's records (MS1) consist of a single item, her 6-page, manuscript recollection of her conversion to Methodism and spiritual walk (1804).
Amasa Coy, Sr.'s records (MS2) consist of family correspondence (3 items); financial records, including a receipt book (1820-1836) for business, personal, and household transactions; and legal records, consisting of deeds, leases (one for a pew in the Baptist Meeting House at Fredericton, 1825), a bond, a mortgage, fire insurance policies, and a manuscript copy of his last will and testament.
Sarah P. Coy Smith's records (MS3) consist of a single letter from her brother, John S. Coy (1833); a deed from her, her children, and the executors of her father's estate to Alexander N. Black (1855); and a draft constitution for the formation of a Wesleyan Compassionate Society for the care and relief of the poor (1824).
Dr. Amasa P. Coy's records (MS4) consist of correspondence (3 items); tickets certifying his attendance at medical lectures and examinations; a listing of medical courses (1831); a letter of reference signed by Dr. Alex N. Stevens, New York; accounts, receipts, and promissory notes, some relating to the establishment of his medical practice in Fredericton; and John S. Coy's account of the illness and death of his brother, Dr. Amasa P. Coy (1837).
John S. Coy's records (MS5) consist of business and general correspondence (1833-1869), some relating to an action in the Supreme Court in Equity over a shipment of shingles and clapboards (1868); family correspondence (1832-[1860?], including an letter from his nephew, Amasa McCoy, in which he eloquently discusses the education of young girls and women [ca. 1855]; legal records, consisting of a quit claim deed (1843), and leases, most of which relate to the settling of his father's estate (1839-1868); his appointment as Ensign of a company in the 1st Battalion, York County Militia (1839); a few business records pertaining to his employment as a tax assessor for the city of Fredericton (1868); and a scattering of other records.
John S. Coy's wife, Catherine Palmer Trueman Coy's records (MS6) consist of a single letter written by her sister in which Mrs. Allison outlines her plans to sell her property in Sackville (1878). Records of the Coy daughters (MS7) -- Mary, Millie, Milcah, and Catherine E. Coy -- consist of correspondence from family and friends, notably 3 items from Lemuel A. Wilmot, and his wife, Margaret E. Wilmot (1870s and 1880s); and invitations to Government House, a ball, and other social gatherings (1860s and 1870s). Catherine E. Coy's records include statements of account (1890-1907); insurance policies; leases (2); a manuscript essay entitled, Obedience to Parents, by her cousin Mary Allison [before 1871]; a manuscript copy of the Rev. Robert J. Burdett's sermon entitled, Alpha and Omega [before 1915]; and correspondence and other materials relating to the probate of Catherine E. Coy's estate.
The bulk of Asa Coy's records consist of general and family correspondence (MS8). General correspondence (1828-1865) pertains to business, religious, church, temperance, political, community, family and other matters. Correspondents include prominent Baptists and Baptist preachers, such as I. E. Bill, George Seely, Samuel Robinson, T. R. Estey, J. D. Casewell / Caswell, William Flint, Henry Blakoler, and A. S. Hunt among others, as well as political and public figures, such as Samuel Leonard Tilley (9 items), William Henry Steeves (36 items), Hon. A. M. L. Seely, and W. B. Kinnear. Of particular interest are letters from W. H. Steeves, written while he was attending the 1864 Quebec Conference, held to discuss the proposed Confederation of British North America. There are also letters from former New Brunswickers, David Morgan, of Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Drusella (Miller) Green, of Waupaca County, Wisconsin, who discuss their new lives in the American West. The Tilley (1849-1855), Steeves (1849-1865), Morgan (1857-1861), and Green (1855-1859) letters have been separated from general correspondence and are located in MS8A 42, MS8A 43, MS8A 44, and MS8A 45 respectively.
Asa Coy's general correspondence also includes letters from J. W. Hartt, of Horton Academy (MS8A 46, 4 items), concerning the education of his son, George Frederick Miles Coy; from the Rev. Humphrey Pickard and Thomas Pickard, of Mount Allison Wesleyan College and Academy (MS8A 47, 9 items), concerning the education of his grandson, Ernest E. Phair; letters from S. K. Brundage, of Fredericton, particularly those dated 1854, that discuss the fire that burnt much of Fredericton in July of that year and that report on A. Holly Coy's battle with alcoholism; and letters written the same year, by various individuals, reporting on the spread and consequences of the cholera epidemic. There are also a few letters from Edward Harper, of Boston, dated 1861, that outline preparations for, and fighting during, the American Civil War.
Asa Coy's family correspondence (MS8B) includes about 168 letters from his wife, Mary Ann Coy, dating from 1828 to 1863, in which she discusses the growth and development of the Baptist Church in Saint John and Fredericton, the activities of Baptist preachers, the family's financial struggles, her attempts to make ends meet by taking in boarders and reducing expenses, family concerns over A. Holly Coy's illness, and other family, religious, temperance, community, and social matters. Asa Coy's family correspondence also includes letters from his children, A. Holly Coy, Caroline R. (Coy) Waterhouse, Sarah E. (Coy) Phair, Marianne (Coy) Watts, George Frederick Miles Coy; from his brother, John S. Coy; and from other family members.
Asa Coy's business and legal records (MS8C) include a few items pertaining to his work with the Board of Works, as an auctioneer, and as a collector of debts for the Queen's Printer, along with a deed, a mortgage, leases, and receipts for the payment of rent. Financial records (MS8D) include itemized household accounts; receipts for payment of accounts; accounts relating to educational expenses of his son, Fred Coy, and grandson, Edwin Phair; and promissory notes. There are also a few records relating to the Baptist Church and temperance movement (MS8E), notably, copies of minutes and reports concerning the establishment of the Baptist Seminary at Fredericton (1835-1838, 1859); Asa Coy's critical account of his attendance at a Mass in a Roman Catholic Church; temperance circulars; a draft letter to the editor (1855) concerning the activities of the Sons of Temperance; and requests for payments of temperance dues.
Mary Ann Coy's records (MS9) consist primarily of correspondence (23 items) from her husband, Asa Coy, and her children, A. Holly Coy, Caroline R. (Coy) Waterhouse, Sarah (Coy) Phair, Marianne (Coy) Watts, and George Frederick Miles Coy. There are also a few pieces of correspondence addressed to the Coy children, A. Holly Coy (MS10), Caroline R. (Coy) Waterhouse (MS11), Sarah E. (Coy) Phair (MS12) and George Frederick Miles Coy (MS13).
Lastly, the fonds contains a few items relating to members of Asa Coy's extended family -- Barker (MS15), Gabel (MS16), Harding (MS17), Gale (MS18), Simpson (MS19), and Fulton (MS20).
Coy family photographs (unidentified) were transferred to the photographic section (P1-0054); a visitors' book (1913-1917), belonging to Lieutenant Governor Josiah Wood and Mrs. Wood, was transferred to MC218; and several maps were transferred to the cartographic section.