This item consists of the handwritten notes on printed forms used by the census taker for Hillsborough parish, Albert County, New Brunswick, in 1851. It records information under headings for dwelling, name, gender, relationship, age, race, rank or occupation, date of entry into colony, and sick or infirm individual. There are also some general notes on locations and uses of land for farming, lumbering, and coal mining. There are also notes of individuals' birthplaces outside the province. There are some notes of seamen being at sea in summer. The area is divided into districts identified as the mining district, on the Petitcodiac River, Central District and Cape Moiselle Creek settlement. The total number of inhabitants is recorded for each district.