Collection MG207 - Grand Manan School District 7 - Wood Island Collection

Title proper

Grand Manan School District 7 - Wood Island Collection

General material designation

  • Textual record

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

Level of description

Collection

Reference code

CA GMA MG207

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Date(s)

  • 1873 ; 1945-1949 (Creation)

Physical description

2 cm textual documents

Title proper of publisher's series

Parallel titles of publisher's series

Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Custodial history

When the school board offices closed on Grand Manan in 1996, Gleneta Green Hettrick, then the archivist, acquired many records from the office. Additional donations to this collection were added as construction occurred at the schools and more records were found. All records were created by the school associated group.

Scope and content

This collection contains the Teacher Contract for William J Lorimer, 1873, original ; typed list of Wood Island teachers, 1893-1940, incomplete ; Deed with Harold Green to School District #7, 1939, copy ; List of rate payers 1949 ; Wood Island School Minutes and accounts book, 1945-1948 ; history of Wood Island School handwritten original, no date ; newspaper clippings.

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Arrangement

Language of material

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

MG207 Grand Manan School District # 7 - Wood Island File _1__
File Contents: Teacher Contract for William J Lorimer, 1873, original ; typed list of Wood Island teachers, 1893-1940, incomplete ; Deed with Harold Green to School District #7, 1939, copy ; List of rate payers 1949 ; Wood Island School Minutes and accounts book, 1945-1948 ; history of Wood Island School handwritten original, no date ; newspaper clippings.

Associated materials

See MG 220 Grand Manan School Registers Collection
See MG 31 for Wood Island Register 1928-1929

Related materials

Accruals

General note

Early schooling on Wood Island was conducted in a small home. The first Wood Island School was built in 1879 by Prebble Green, John Foster and many other men of Grand Manan Island. The trustees were Prebble Green and Able Wilcox. At a special School Meeting 11 Nov 1948 a vote was held and it was unanimously decided to join the Grand Manan Consolidated School. At the closing of the term in Dec 1956 there were 5 students attending school there. Most families had accepted the government pay out and had relocated their family to the larger Grand Manan Island. The location of the school on Wood Island has never changed. In 2019 the building is a summer home.

History of Education on Grand Manan Island - The first schools on Grand Manan Island, New Brunswick, were started shortly after the arrival of the first English-speaking settlers in the eighteenth century, with schools built in each settlement as soon as the settlers were able. The earliest recorded teachers grant was for Magnus Green to teach in the North Head - Castalia area of Grand Manan in 1845. By 1851, five teachers were receiving grants and there were four 'school houses' here. By 1861, there were six schools. Most village school instruction reached a level close to the present Junior high. Until 1943, education was an activity of each village, with some students going to other village schools for later grades when those grades were not offered in their own villages.
New Brunswick’s, and in turn Grand Manan’s, education system became increasingly centralized as the century progressed. In the first half of the 20th century, education was administered and funded by county-level governments. By the late-1940s, mainland communities were establishing regional school districts to give rural students the opportunity to have a full high school education. Parents on Grand Manan asked for similar opportunities, and a high school was established on temporary quarters in the 1943-1944 school year. Grand Manan’s new consolidated high school was opened in Grand Harbour in 1949.
The next wave of changes came in the late-1960s. First, in 1967, a new high school opened behind Grand Harbour’s old high school, and the latter was turned into a junior high. Next, in 1968, as part of the provincial government’s Equal Opportunity program, the Department of Education in Fredericton assumed administrative and financial responsibility for education throughout the province, and Grand Manan, in turn, was made School District 22. 1978 was the last year the community schools on Grand Manan were operating. In 1979, students were transported by bus to the central Grand Harbour location. The junior high school became the only elementary school for students on Grand Manan. The elementary school on outlying White Head Island, however, remains operational in 2019.
The third and latest wave of changes began in the mid-1990s. In 1996, the Department of Education reduced the number of school districts, and, in 1997, it instituted province-wide kindergarten programs. As a result, the district office on Grand Manan was closed in 1996 (Grand Manan became part of District 10, centered in St. Stephen), and the high school was renovated and expanded in 1999 in order to accommodate students from kindergarten to grade twelve as well as a new library and gymnasium. The former junior high—the structure built in 1949—was demolished the same year that the newly expanded school re-opened.
Source: Gleneta Hettrick and Ava Griffin Sturgeon

Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description record identifier

Institution identifier

Rules or conventions

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Language of description

Script of description

Sources

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related places

Related genres