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- New Brunswick Women's Institute, Grand Manan Branch
- These records were photocopied in 1989. But the materials were created between 1913 and 1919.
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The Women's Institute was founded in 1897 by Adelaide Hoodless of Stoney Creek, Ontario, and by 1913 institutes were active in all the provinces. Mrs. James E. Porter of Andover, New Brunswick, was instrumental in introducing the organization to New Brunswick women. Between 1911 and 1960, hundreds of branches of the Women's Institute were established across the province. Its purpose was to provide educational opportunities for rural women, especially in food preparation and family health. This model was even emulated in other countries, including in the United Kingdom, where the first Women’s Institutes appeared in 1915.
Institutes were also concerned with improvements in living conditions in general, such as the provision of sidewalks, streetlights, park improvement, cemetery improvement, public halls, and public libraries. During the First World War, the Institute’s attention was drawn to international affairs. Its members made garments for members of the armed forces, organized POW relief committees, and sent clothing to the people of war-torn Belgium. But they were still active in their own communities, running knitting clubs, visiting the sick, and participating in similar activities, just as they had done during peace-time. Today the Women's Institutes of New Brunswick are affiliated with the New Brunswick Federation of Agriculture.
The branch at Grand Harbour, Grand Manan Island, existed between 1913 and 1919, and probably continued after that date. The first president was Lizzie Ingalls, and the first secretary was Hazel M. Newton.
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