Fonds MG H 73 - Free Christian Baptist Conference of New Brunswick

Title proper

Free Christian Baptist Conference of New Brunswick

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  • Textual record

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  • Source of title proper: Title based on contents.

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  • 1850-1873 (Creation)
    Free Christian Baptist Conference of New Brunswick

Physical description

5.1 cm of textual records

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(First conference in 1832)

Administrative history

The Free Christian Baptist or Free Will Baptist denomination in New Brunswick originated from the growth of the Free Will Baptist denomination in the New England colonies. This in turn can be dated to the conversion of Benjamin Randall about the late 18th century. In direct contrast to the doctrine of limited atonement held by Calvinist Baptists, Free Will Baptists believed in "universal atonement and a universal call to mankind".

Henry Alline was converted to essentially Baptist beliefs in 1775. A former resident of New England and a former Congregationalist, Alline began to preach his message of redemption in 1776, diverging from the Calvinist beliefs of Congregationalism. His "New Light" revival of religion in Nova Scotia and other parts of the Maritimes led to the founding of many Baptist churches.

Although Free Will Baptists are unable to date precisely the commencement of their work in New Brunswick, they can date the founding of their organizational body, the Free Baptist General Conference, to 13 October 1832 at Wakefield, Carleton County. During the early years, the movements in both New Brunswick and Nova Scotia were influenced by Free Will Baptists in the State of Maine.

The Calvinistic (Regular) and Free Will Baptists grew rapidly, and by 1887 both groups could claim a sizeable number of followers. In 1905 the Baptists of the Maritime provinces and the Free Christian Baptists of New Brunswick amalgamated. A year later, the Free Baptists of Nova Scotia joined the new United Baptist Convention. This union brought together over 61,000 Baptists in three Maritime provinces.

Source: F. H. Sinnot, "The Union of the Regular and Free Will Baptists of the Maritimes, 1905-1906" in Repent and Believe: The Baptist Experience in Maritime Canada ed. By Barry M Moody, 1980.

Free Christian Baptist Conference of New Brunswick

Custodial history

Scope and content

This fonds consists of a leather-bound book of the Free Christian Baptist (or Free Will Baptist) denomination of New Brunswick. It includes a list of ministers, a list of churches and minutes of meetings of the Free Baptist Conference from 1850 to 1873.

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Source unknown.


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  • English

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See also McLeod Family fonds MG H16.

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