Fonds MG H 52 - Ezekiel Stone Wiggins and Susan Wiggins

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Ezekiel Stone Wiggins and Susan Wiggins

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  • Textual record

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  • 1861-1888 (Creation)
    Wiggins, Ezekiel Stone
  • 1861-1888 (Creation)
    Wiggins, Susan Anna Gunhilda

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60 cm textual records
15 photographs : b&w 15 x 20 cm, mounted

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Biographical history

Author, teacher and civil servant Ezekiel Stone Wiggins, son of Daniel Wiggins and Elizabeth Titus Stone, was born 4th December 1839 at Grand Lake, Queens County, New Brunswick. Educated at Oakwood Grammar School and at Victoria College, he later received a medical degree from Philadelphia University. E. Stone Wiggins served as principal of several Ontario schools and was the first Principal of the Institute for the Education of the Blind at Brantford, Ontario. On 2nd August 1862, he married his first cousin Susan Anna Gunhilda Wiggins.

In 1874 E. Stone Wiggins relocated to Saint John, New Brunswick, where he founded the Church of England Boys' College. He also wrote The History of Queens County (1876), which was published in theWatchman (Saint John). In 1878, he offered himself as a candidate in the dominion election. Although he lost the seat, he was appointed to a permanent civil service position in the Department of Finance headed by Samuel Leonard Tilley.

E. Stone Wiggins was active in Ottawa intellectual circles. He published Architecture of the Heavens (1864), a work about natural phenomena, and later The Days of the Creation. He died on 14th August 1910.

Sources: Wiggins, E. Stone, The History of Queens County; Canadian Men and Women of the Time, 1912, entries for Ezekiel Stone Wiggins and Susan Wiggins

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Biographical history

Susan Anna Gunhilda Wiggins was born on 6th April 1846 at Waterborough, Queens County, New Brunswick. She was educated by private tutors, and married E. Stone Wiggins at age sixteen. While living with her husband in Ottawa, Susie Wiggins became embroiled in a dispute with the Anglican Lord Bishop of Ontario over his stated objection to the passage of a measure in Parliament legalizing marriage to a deceased wife's sister. Using the pseudonym Gunhilda, she published letters in the press attacking Archbishop Lewis' position, which attracted widespread attention. She also spoke before a senate committee to urge passage of the bill which eventually became law. She died in 1923.

Sources: Wiggins, E. Stone, The History of Queens County; Canadian Men and Women of the Time, 1912, entries for Ezekiel Stone Wiggins and Susan Wiggins

Custodial history

Dr. Ivan Crowell on 4 October 1966 and Professor MacNutt in August 1967.

Scope and content

This fonds documents the personal and public activities of E. Stone Wiggins and his wife Susie Wiggins. It consists of original material and includes correspondence with Lord Dufferin, Sir Leonard Tilley, Lord Lisgar, F. McLaughlin or their agents, a published copy of Universalism Unfounded written by E. Stone Wiggins (1867), a fee book for the Church of England Boys' College at Saint John (1875), an historical sketch of Samuel Leonard Tilley's family(1879) and a record of government reports sent to Queens County by E. Stone Wiggins (1879). Also included are the Gunhilda letters written by Susie Wiggins and published in 1881, daily journals and notebooks written by members of the Wiggins family, scrapbooks containing newspaper clippings, certificates and testimonials, and a geographical essay written by Wiggins in 1884. Fifteen mounted sepia photographs of prominent Canadians are also contained in this fonds.

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  • English

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