Fonds MC2476 - Crouse Family Fonds

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Crouse Family Fonds

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  • Textual record

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  • 1914-1918 (Creation)
    Crows family (Zealand)

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5 cm of textual records

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(ca. 1815 - ca. 2011)

Biographical history

Samuel Crouse, the son of Rachel Jones (b. ca. 1820) and James Crouse (b. 1815), was born on 24 May 1857 in New Brunswick probably at or near Zealand, York County. His grandfather, Philip Crouse, was a Loyalist, who was born in Zeeland Province, Holland in 1761. About 1765 Philip Crouse moved to what became the United States of America, settling first in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and later at Gaston, North Carolina. At the end of the American Revolutionary War, he came with his family to what is now New Brunswick, making a home at Upper Stoneridge, Douglas Parish, York County. His son James Crouse had no fewer than 9 children, namely, Benedict, Elizabeth, Anson, Dean, Comfort, Huldy, Rebecca, Emma E., and Samuel.

James Crouse's son, Samuel Crouse, married Phoebe Ann Burtt (1866-1962) on 13 October 1887. Samuel and Phoebe Crouse made their home in Douglas Parish, York County. They had no fewer than 7 children: Stella Stewart (b. 1891), Eva Sarah (b. 1892), Myles Hayward (b. 1895), Ellsworth Burtus (b. 1897), James (b. 1900), Marilda (b. 1904), and Greta (b. 1909). Samuel Crouse worked as a section foreman for the Canadian Pacific Railway in Zealand. He died on 2 September 1942 and was buried in St. Paul's Church Cemetery, Zealand.

Samuel and Phoebe Crouse's sons, Myles Hayward and Ellsworth Burtus, served overseas during the First World War. Ellsworth Crouse was conscripted into the army in February 1918. He sailed for England the same year and served with the 26th Battalion, New Brunswick Regiment, Canadian Infantry. Ellsworth Crouse died from his wounds, at Boulogne, France, on 2 October 1918, aged 21, and was buried in Terlincthun British Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France.

M. Hayward Crouse was conscripted in July 1918, going first to Camp Sussex and then to Halifax. He contracted mumps and was hospitalized there in the Military Hospital. Hayward Crouse was sent to North Wales, but he returned home prior to mid-1919. On 1 June 1921, Hayward Crouse married Ruby W. Morehouse, the daughter of Albert and Mamie Morehouse, of Burtt's Corner. They had five children: Mona (1921-2012, m. Eldon Bird), Hugh, LeBaron (aka Bud, ca. 1926-2011), Carol, and Minot. Like his father, Hayward Crouse worked as a section foreman for the CPR in Zealand. He died on 27 February 1957 and was buried in St. Paul's Anglican Church Cemetery, Zealand.

Custodial history

Scope and content

This fonds consists of records pertaining to Phoebe Ann Crouse, Samuel Crouse, Myles Hayward Crouse, and Ellsworth Burtus Crouse. The bulk of the fonds consists of correspondence written by Myles Hayward Crouse and Ellsworth Burtus Crouse to their mother, Phoebe Ann Crouse, while they were serving in the Canadian Army during World War I. These letters offer insights into living conditions overseas, trench warfare, food, homesickness, communications from home, illness, wounded soldiers, and conscription, as well as army leaves and travel in Britain.

The fonds also contains a few records pertaining to Samuel Crouse's work with the C.P.R., including the Canadian Railway War Board, Wage Agreement No. 2 (1918) and a C.P.R. circular concerning Spanish Influenza (1918). A postcard of the troop transport ship R.M.S. Olympic [191-?] is also included.

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