Item MG352 - Carte du Canada ou de la Nouvelle France. A Map Illustrating the knowledge which the French possessed of the northern parts of North America prior to the Treaty of Utrecht, copy

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Carte du Canada ou de la Nouvelle France. A Map Illustrating the knowledge which the French possessed of the northern parts of North America prior to the Treaty of Utrecht, copy

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1 map ; 45 cm x 60 cm

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Item consists of one map titled "Carte du Canada ou de la Nouvelle France. A Map Illustrating the knowledge which the French possessed of the northern parts of North America prior to the Treaty of Utrecht, copy."

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General note

Author: Delisle, Guillaume, Premier Geographer du Roy a Paris
Guillaume, Delisle (28 February 1675 - 25 January 1726) was a French cartographer known for his popular and accurate maps of Europe and the newly explored Americas and Africa. Delisle’s 1703 Carte du Canada ou de la Nouvelle France is praised as the first map to correctly depict the latitude and longitude of Canada. To accomplish this feat, Delisle – while never having personally visited the New World – devoted seven years to in-depth research. He made several earlier sketches drawn from information extracted from the Jesuit Relations, and personal relationships with many missionaries and explorers enhanced his ability to gain a rather extensive knowledge of the landscape. He also used calculations of the eclipse to find the precise longitude of Quebec which had, up until that point, only been guessed at. The research behind this map, in addition to its mathematical nature, made it a standard for maps to come. It had a large impact when it was published, underscoring the French strength in New France in the early 18th century, and it stood out as an early example of a more dispassionate, scientific type of map relative to the impressionistic ones of centuries before. The map itself is quite detailed, covering such vast areas as New France, Greenland, Labrador, Hudson Bay, Baffin Bay, and the Great Lakes and Arctic regions. Delisle did not attempt to fill in areas of white space where his knowledge was insufficient, rather he let these spaces remain, a decision indicative of cartographical renewal in France in that period. In despite of these holes and the scientific nature of his map, Delisle’s 1703 Carte still contains a large amount of information from Indians and considerations on imperial influence. In at least one instance, Delisle employed information from Indians that was not necessarily confirmed by a European authority. For example, on the map, Lake Winnipeg – marked as Lac des Assenipoils – is shown with its water communication down to the Hudson Bay, information taken from an Indian report rather than one of European discovery. Furthermore, although hundreds of Indian tribes were identified in Delisle’s earlier sketches, he consolidated a number of related bands under one heading in his final map. In other instances, information about certain traditional grounds provided in earlier maps, such as those of the Mistassini Cree, was omitted in Delisle’s 1703 map either due to famine, disease, or collapse of hunting grounds. Finally, the map provides a large cartouche in the upper left corner, which includes scenes from the New World implying imperial claims. The cartouche was done by the artist N. Guerard and carried the symbol of French royalty. Other parts of the cartouche included a Jesuit missionary performing a baptism of an Indian and a Recollect missionary guiding Indians to the road to heaven. There is also the image of an Iroquois brandishing a scalp of a Frenchman, and Iroquois on a bed of thistles, a Huron holding rosary beads, and beaver. In this way, the map – which is otherwise relatively scientific – is not entirely depoliticized. Source: Wikipedia.

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Location at Grand Manan Archives : Large Map Cabinet : Drawer 3/ Folder 1
Previous identifying numbers: Map 3 ; M22

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A copy printed on ecru paper with brown ink.

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