Collection MC 869 - Canadian Pacific Railway

Title proper

Canadian Pacific Railway

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Physical description

0.7cm of Textual Records
5 Maps

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Name of creator

(1881 -)

Administrative history

The Canadian Pacific Railway Company was founded in 1881 after it received a charter, twenty-five million dollars, and twenty-five million acres of land. Its primary objective was to link Eastern Canada with the West, enabling goods to be shipped to markets throughout Canada and settlers to travel to Western Canada. This new company was headed by George Stephen, president of the Bank of Montréal, and Donald Smith, a financial tycoon of the Hudson's Bay Company. The CPR's general manager, William Cornelius Van Horne, began construction of the railway in 1882. The line was completed in 1885, at Craigellachie, BC.

The CPR established control over the Woodstock, Carleton County, railway station in 1890, after it leased the New Brunswick Railway Company for 990 years. The Woodstock line was one of the first constructed in the province, having connections to St. Andrews, Québec, and Maine. The line had been developed primarily for settlement and resource development purposes in the mid-1850s, but later became important in the transportation of goods to northern Maine, New England, and Central Canada.

When the Woodstock station on Queen Street was unable to handle the increased volume of traffic, the CPR Company built a new station, in 1910, in Lower Woodstock . This station closed when the Upper Woodstock railway bridge was destroyed by a spring flood.

Custodial history

Scope and content

This collection contains correspondence, legal documents, and maps and estate plans related to a dispute between the Canadian Pacific Railway and various St. Andrews landowners during the 1990s. The dispute stems from concerns over the Canadian Pacific Railway's rights to portions of land belonging to these landowners for railway purposes. Spearheaded by James Davies, these landowners put forward a class action lawsuit arguing the C.P.R.'s right of way on this land had lapsed due to abandonment and that rights to this land should automatically revert to them. The C.P.R. had also put forward an offer to release their interest in this land in favor of the landowners.

Physical condition

Good, all the documents are in great condition.

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  • English

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General note

Originally contained in a box labelled "Unprocessed Misc. on Long Table Workroom, October 27 2008" with other items.

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