Fonds MC395 - Bailey family

Title proper

Bailey family

General material designation

  • Textual record

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  • Source of title proper: The title is based on the contents of the fonds.

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  • [1870?]-1920 (Creation)
    Bailey (family) (PANB)

Physical description

6 cm of textual records

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Name of creator

(Branch begins in 1811)

Biographical history

Jacob Whitman Bailey, the son of Jane Whitman and Isaac Bailey, was born in 1811, probably at Providence, Rhode Island. At age 12, family finances forced him to find employment with a local bookseller. By 1828 he enrolled in the United States Military Academy at West Point. He later taught chemistry, mineralogy, and geology there, being a recognized authority on the diatom and infusoria. He married Maria Slaughter, and they had four children: Maria Whitman (1836-1852), Samuel Slaughter (1838-1860), Loring Woart (1839-1925), and William Whitman (1843-1914). J. W. Bailey died on 27 February 1857.

His son Loring Woart Bailey studied at Harvard University and later did graduate work in chemistry at both Brown and Harvard universities. In 1861 L.W. Bailey moved to Fredericton where he became chair of Chemistry and Natural Science at the University of New Brunswick, holding that post until his death in 1925. While at UNB he also taught physics, zoology, physiology, botany, and geology.

In summer, Loring Woart Bailey did field survey work for the Geological Survey of New Brunswick, and later for the Geological Survey of Canada, working in Quebec, Nova Scotia, and Maine. Retiring from UNB in 1907, he concentrated on the study of diatoms and worked with the Marine Biological Station at St. Andrews, N.B. Bailey published numerous scientific articles and books. He served as president of the Natural History Society for several years, and was a charter member of the Royal Society of Canada, contributing numerous papers to its distinguished journal. Professor Bailey and John Babbitt have been credited with making Fredericton’s first telephone, which connected the Bailey home, “Sunnyside,” at 329-331 University Avenue, with the Babbitt house.

In 1863 L. W. Bailey married Laurestine Marie de Brett (1841-1938), the daughter of Margaret Emma Glenn and Joseph Marshall d’Avray, who was professor of Modern Languages at UNB and of its predecessor, King’s College. They had several children, including Joseph Whitman (1865-1932), Loring Woart, Jr. (1868-1943), and George Whitman (1879-1936). Son Joseph practiced law in Boston, compiled genealogies, and also published travel books and biographies. Loring Woart, Jr., worked for the Bank of British North America in Québec. George was a physician and served as medical inspector of schools in Fredericton.

Educator, poet, anthropologist, and administrator Alfred Goldsworthy Bailey, the son Ernestine Valiant Gale and Loring Woart Bailey, Jr., was born in Québec in 1905. He received a B.A. from UNB (1927) and an M.A. (1929) and Ph.D. (1934) from the University of Toronto. In 1934 he enrolled in the School of Economics and Political Science (London) and then studied British and continental museum administration under a Carnegie grant. He married Jean Craig Hamilton (d. 1998); they had no children.

Dr. Bailey had a long and distinguished academic and administrative career. He was employed as assistant director and associate curator at the New Brunswick Museum in Saint John before becoming the first chair of History at UNB (1938-1969). He also served as dean of arts (1946-1964), vice-president academic (1965-1964), and as honorary librarian and chief executive officer of the Bonar Law-Bennett Library (1946-1959), where he worked closely with Lord Beaverbrook. He was also instrument in founding the Bliss Carman Society (1940) and The Fiddlehead (1945). Alfred G. Bailey published several books of poetry, as well as academic books and articles on aspects of history and anthropology. He died at Fredericton on 21 April 1997.

Custodial history

Information about the custody of these records prior to acquisition is incomplete.

Scope and content

This fonds consists mostly of Loring Woart Bailey, Sr.'s papers. There is a bound volume including natural history notes and extensive press clippings from local New Brunswick and national newspapers about his personal and professional interests; a lecture "The minute in nature" delivered to the Franklin Society in Providence Rhode Island in 1874; illustrations of diatoms found in New Brunswick and a key to the Chaetocerae; a partial draft of a book on the geology of New Brunswick; a paper on erosion and deposition of soil and miscellaneous notes.

There is also a bound volume belonging to Joseph Whitman Bailey, containing press clippings about New Brunswick personalities and happenings and a few visiting cards.

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Donated by Reginald Bailey, of Fredericton in 1981.


Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

No restrictions

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

An inventory is available.

Associated materials

The New Brunswick Museum Research Library and Archives houses ID1688 Alfred G. Bailey collection, and the University of New Brunswick Archives and Special Collections Department holds MG 80 Dr. Afred Goldsworthy Bailey fonds and MG H1 Bailey family fonds.

Researchers interested in the natural history of New Brunswick may wish to consult MC211 Raymond P. Gorham fonds and MC1922 James Black Hegan fonds. Other records relating to members of the Bailey family are located in MC454 Bailey family collection and MC824 Loring Woart Bailey fonds.

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