Collection MC245 - Austin Squires

Titre propre

Austin Squires

Dénomination générale des documents

  • Document textuel
  • Images en mouvement

Titre parallèle

Compléments du titre

Mentions de responsabilité du titre

Notes du titre

  • Source du titre propre: Title based on the contents of the collection.

Niveau de description




Mention d'édition

Mentions de responsabilité relatives à l'édition

Mention d'échelle (cartographique)

Mention de projection (cartographique)

Mention des coordonnées (cartographiques)

Mention d'échelle (architecturale)

Juridiction responsable et dénomination (philatélique)


  • 1960-1980 (Production)
    Squires, William Austin

Description matérielle

40 cm of textual records and 1 video cassette

Titre propre de la collection

Titres parallèles de la collection

Compléments du titre de la collection

Mention de responsabilité relative à la collection

Numérotation à l'intérieur de la collection

Note sur la collection

Nom du producteur


Notice biographique

Dr. William Austin Squires (1905-1978) was born and educated in Fredericton, New Brunswick. He was the son of Nathan Chesley Squires and Susan Katherine Dayton. He followed in his mother's footsteps as she researched and wrote on many local history and natural history topics. In 1933 he married Helen Georgina Bird, daughter of Charles Edwin and Catherine (Yeomans) Bird of Barkers Point, New Brunswick. He attended schools in Fredericton and entered the University of New Brunswick in 1923. In 1926, he was awarded the Noel Stone Memorial Scholarship for the highest standing in natural science and chemistry. During the academic years 1925-1927 he served as a student assistant in the Natural Science Department under Dr. Philip Cox. He graduated in 1927 with a B.A. degree with honours in Natural Science and Chemistry. After graduation he served one year as a graduate assistant in the same department, teaching freshman botany and sophomore zoology. Squires attended the graduate school of Ohio State University at Columbus, Ohio and held a teaching fellowship from 1928-1930. He received a master of science degree in 1929 and began study for a doctorate which was interrupted by the Great Depression. In 1930, he returned to the University of New Brunswick as an instructor in natural science, teaching botany and zoology at the first session of the University of New Brunswick summer school.

He was also employed during the summer of 1928-1929 with the Entomological Branch of the federal Department of Agriculture on field crop pests research. From 1930-1939, he taught in the public schools of New Brunswick and became vice-principal of the Minto-Newcastle Consolidated School. From 1939 to 1969 he was the curator of the natural science department at the New Brunswick Museum; from 1941-1969 he was Secretary of the Board and Executive Committee of the New Brunswick Museum; from 1968-1969 he was chief curator and president of the New Brunswick Museum.

In 1939 he was appointed curator of the Natural Science Department at the New Brunswick Museum in Saint John, an appointment he held until his retirement in 1969. He was a member of the New Brunswick Teachers' Association executive, and he sat on the Canadian Museums Association council. He also was a member of several other Canadian organizations relating to natural science and historic preservation. In his spare time, Austin Squires was a noted amateur historian and naturalist. In 1963, he received an American Special History award for "The History of Fredericton - The Last 200 Years". In 1964, Squires received an honourary doctorate of laws (LL.D) from U.N.B. Among his other publications were The Bird Family of Central New Brunswick, The history and Development of the New Brunswick Museum, The Reversing Falls Portage, The 104th Regiment of Foot, The Mammals of New Brunswick, The Birds of New Brunswick, Wilmot United Church, and A Naturalist in New Brunswick. In 1964 he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from UNB and in 1967 he received the Centennial Medal.

He served in the militia in the St. John Fusiliers from 1942 to 1946, attaining the rank of captain. He belonged to the New Brunswick Historical Society and York-Sunbury Historical Society. He wrote numerous books and articles on natural science and historical topics. He was made freeman of the City of Fredericton in 1978 in honour of his work, especially on the history of Fredericton.

Historique de la conservation

Portée et contenu

The fonds contains a copy of the book, "A History of Fredericton: the last 200 years" with a commemorative inscription from the city and signed by Helen Squires; the page proofs for the manuscript; the original manuscript for the book; A. Squires' research notes; and a publication titled "An Incidental History of Frederciton" by W. Austin Squires (1975).

The collection also includes a video cassette of the ceremony naming W. Austin Squires a freeman of the city (1960s) and transcripts for "The Changing Year", nature programs done for CBC by Dr. Austin Squires (1968-1969).

État de conservation

Source immédiate d'acquisition

The material was donated to the Provincial Archives by the City of Fredericton in 18 December 1985.

An unedited manuscript was donated by Mrs. A. W. Squires via. Jim Chapman in 1980 (M1980.226).

The Changing Year nature broadscasts done for CBC in 1968-1969 were purchased from Harry Bagley Books in 2011 (M2011.215).

Drafts of A. W. Squires' Fredericton book and research notes were donated by Margery Acheson, daughter of A. E. Squires, in 2012 (M2012.255).


Langue des documents

  • anglais

Écriture des documents

Localisation des originaux

Disponibilité d'autres formats

Restrictions d'accès

No restrictions

Délais d'utilisation, de reproduction et de publication

Instruments de recherche

An inventory is available.

Éléments associés

No restrictions

Éléments associés


Identifiant(s) alternatif(s)

Numéro normalisé

Mots-clés - Sujets

Mots-clés - Lieux

Mots-clés - Noms

Mots-clés - Genre

Identifiant de la description du document

Identifiant du service d'archives

Règles ou conventions


Niveau de détail

Dates de production, de révision et de suppression

Langue de la description

Langage d'écriture de la description


Zone des entrées

Sujets associés

Personnes et organismes associés

Lieux associés

Genres associés