Fonds MC188 - Articles of submission and agreement signed at Boston…

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Articles of submission and agreement signed at Boston…

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Title continues :" in New England by Sanquaaram alias Loron Erexus, Francois Xavier and Maganucbe, delegates from the tribes of Penobscot, Noridgwalk, St. Johns, Cape Sables and other tribes of the Indians inhabiting within his Majestie's territories of Nova Scotia and New England"

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  • Photocopied [197?] (Creation)
    Sunbury County, Nova Scotia. Governor

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4 pp. of textual records

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(British took control of Acadia (later Nova Scotia) in 1713.)

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When the French surrendered Acadia to the British at the end of the War of the Spanish Succession in 1713, many of the aboriginal tribes remained loyal to the French. After some violent incidents, a peace was arranged. In 1725, delegates of the native peoples of Acadia and New England signed a treaty of friendship with the British, which was ratified at Annapolis Royal in 1728.

When war broke out again between France and England in 1744, the Indians sided with the French. In August, 1749, shortly after the founding of Halifax, Nova Scotia, native delegates and Governor Edward Cornwallis renewed the 1725 treaty, which was ratified on the St. John River in September 1749. In spite of the treaties, Cornwallis and his successor continued to treat the native population as enemies and the natives, in return, continued to support the French.

Source: W. D. Hamilton and W. A. Spray, Source Materials relating to the New Brunswick Indian, 1976

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This document is a photocopy of the renewed treaty and contains the text of the 1725 treaty with additional ratifications and signatures. Several of the native delegates have signed with totems.

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