Fonds MC248 - Albion Steam Works

Title proper

Albion Steam Works

General material designation

  • Textual record

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

Level of description

Fonds

Reference code

CA PANB MC248

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Date(s)

  • 1836-1839 (Creation)
    Creator
    Albion Steam Works (Nashwaaksis, N.B.)

Physical description

23.0 cms of textual records

Title proper of publisher's series

Parallel titles of publisher's series

Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Name of creator

(Founded in 1836)

Administrative history

Albion Steam Works was founded in 1836 in Nashwaaksis, New Brunswick, across the St. John River from Fredericton. Co-founders William Braithwaite and William P. Kay, originally doing business as Braithwaite, Kay and Company, combined a variety of business ventures to form the firm. They constructed a brewery, oat and flour mills, a smithy and a cooperage, machinery for garding (gardening or farming), a shop to turn wood and iron, circular sawing for joiners work, facilities to cut hay and straw and for bruising oats. All the company's machinery was run by steam engines. In fact, the owners' primary intention was to open a general engineering firm to serve as an outlet for the sale of steam engines and mill machinery.

In addition, Albion Steam Works operated a general mercantile business. Albion Store sold a variety of imported products, as well as locally produced goods, such as pork, fish, stoves, vinegar, grain, flour, beer, coal, and plaster of Paris. The Works also offered architectural design services, which included estimates for building construction. This work was probably completed by co-founder William Porden Kay, who, in the 1840s and 1850s, would be employed as a colonial architect by his uncle, the governor of Tasmania, to design a number of public buildings there. Merchants John V. Thurger and Robert Chestnut served as company agents in Saint John and Fredericton respectively. In July 1837 the firm expanded when a store opened on upper Queen Street, Fredericton, with Anthony Lockwood as agent. A drying kiln and a barley mill were added in September of the same year.

The services of Albion Steam Works were in demand in the late 1830s. These records suggest that the volume of business increased to the point that the firm acquired the schooner "Mary Ann" to transport raw materials upriver and end products to market. The ledgers contain a number of accounts pertaining to the provisioning of the "Mary Ann". The date Albion Steam Works ceased operation is unknown.

Sources: Daniel Johnson's Vital Statistics from New Brunswick Newspapers on-line; MC248; and other records.

Custodial history

These records were found in the attic of the Legislative Assembly Building, Fredericton. The 1836-1839 ledger was formerly located in MC1239. It was transferred to this fonds in October 2007.

Scope and content

This fonds consists of financial records for Albion Steam Works, dating from 1836 to 1839. They offer a window into the social life and economy of early 19th century Fredericton and area, recording the names of customers (residents) and occasionally their occupations (i.e., merchant, contractor, mason, innkeeper, miller, blacksmith, servant) and places of residence (i.e., Fredericton, Saint John, Woodstock, Stanley, Boiestown, St. Marys, Douglas, Nashwaak, Royal Road, Campbell), along with the foodstuffs, services, building supplies, and household goods they purchased. A number of customers were employees of Albion Steam Works.

There are 4 ledgers, one dating from 1836 to 1839, the second, from 1836-1839, the third, from 1837 to 1838, and the fourth from 1838 to 1839. There is also a day book, dating from 1837 to 1838. The 1836-1839 ledger (MS1A) contains both customer accounts and day book entries. Included among the customer accounts are a number pertaining to individuals and companies who were living in or working to establish the newly-created village of Stanley, most notably Commissioners E. N. Kendall and Richard Hayne and the New Brunswick and Nova Scotia Land Company. The 1836-1839 ledger (MS1B) appears to be a continuation of first (MS1A) and likewise contains the names of customers, sometimes their places of residence and occupations, services performed, items purchased, amounts charged, and sums paid (cash, kind, and labour).

The 1837-1838 ledger includes both cash book entries and individual accounts, and the 1838-1839 ledger contains individual accounts. The cash book entries record monies and goods received and expended; the day book entries identify the items purchased and names of customers; and the account book entries record the names of customers, the items purchased, the amounts charged, and the payments received, either in cash, kind, or labour.

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Presented to the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick by the Legislative Library, Fredericton, NB in 1971.

Arrangement

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

No restrictions

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

An inventory is available.

Associated materials

Related materials

Accruals

Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description record identifier

Institution identifier

Rules or conventions

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Language of description

Script of description

Sources

Accession area

Related people and organizations

Related places

Related genres