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Authority record

Saint John: Centenary-Queen Square Pastoral Charge

  • Saint John: Centenary-Queen Square Pastoral Charge
  • Corporate body
  • 1791-2013

Centenary-Queen Square Pastoral Charge which contained the appointment of Centenary-Queen Square United Church was located in Saint John, New Brunswick.

Germain Street was the mother Church of Methodism in Saint John and the second place of worship built in the city. In 1792, a building on the west side of Germain Street was purchased and used as a meeting place for local Methodists. Prior to this, Methodists would gather in houses for worship. The first minister of the congregation was Abraham John Bishop. In 1807, construction was begun on a church on the northeast corner of Germain and Horsefield Streets. The church was completed and dedicated in 1808. It was here that George Taylor established the first Sunday School in Saint John. The church was enlarged in 1834.

The original Germain Street building was used until June 20, 1877, where it was destroyed in the Great Fire. A new lot was purchased on Queen Square, and construction was completed in 1879 at a cost of $45,000. From then on, the church was known as the Queen Square Methodist Church.

Queen Square Methodist Church became part of The United Church of Canada in 1925.

During the time of Rev. Enoch Wood in 1836, the congregation of Germain Street Chapel became too large for the church building. Mr. Wood purchased three lots of land and Mr. John. B Gaynor purchased a fourth on which Centenary Methodist Church was built. The church was opened in 1839 and featured a gallery and a large school-room inside. The church was named after the centennial of Methodism in 1839. In the fall of 1850, the entrance of the church was altered and the church’s debt was reduced greatly. In 1853, a church organ was transported to the church from England. In 1875, very extensive repairs were undertaken.

In 1877, the church was burned in the Great Fire. Following this event, the Exmouth Street Church was temporarily used for the services of the Centenary Church. The church was rebuilt in 1882, with a new school room and gallery in place. Rev. Sprague was sent to the USA and to Britain to receive supplementary funds for the rebuilding of the church. With the creation of The United Church of Canada in 1925, Centenary Methodist Church became Centenary United Church.
Carmarthen Methodist Church was established as the result of a mission in the south end of Saint John under Rev. C. Stewart in 1868-1869. The first service was held in the open from the front door of a saloon and consequent services were held in a hall on Wentworth Street until the construction of the church building. Rev. William Woods was the first pastor.

The church building was destroyed in the fire of 1877. The basement of the new church was occupied in 1878 and officially opened on June 13, 1886.

Carmarthen Methodist Church was the first church in Saint John to have a free pew system.

After the formation of The United Church of Canada in June 1925, Centenary Methodist Church, Carmarthen Methodist Church, and Queen Square Methodist Church became part of The United Church of Canada. In 1939, Centenary and Queen Square United Churches amalgamated to become the Centenary-Queen Square United Church. The new congregation worshipped in the Centenary building. In 1957, Carmarthen Street United Church was amalgamated with Centenary-Queen Square in 1957. The church building was put up for sale in 1998 and the congregation moved to a store front chapel at 215 Wentworth Street. Centenary-Queen Square United Church was disbanded on October 31st, 2013.

Ewing, Juliana Horatia (Gatty)

  • MS99
  • Person
  • 1841-1885

Juliana was born in Ecclesfield, England on 3 Aug 1841. On 1 June 1867 she married Major Alexander Ewing, with the Army Pay Department, and immediately after the marriage came to Fredericton where Major Ewing was newly posted. Here they remained three years until they returned to England in 1869. After suffering from poor health for some time Juliana died at Bath, England on 13 May 1885. She was an artist and author of children’s literature.

Phillips, Frederick Henry

  • MS97
  • Person
  • 1910-1988

Fred Phillips was born in Fredericton in 1910 and began working for the Daily Gleaner in 1930. A year later, he began working for the New Brunswick Bureau of Information, becoming assistant director in 1939. That year he enlisted in the Canadian armed forces as an army court reporter. After the war he returned to his position with the provincial government and in 1969 transferred to the PANB as the first photo archivist and retired in 1974. He wrote numerous articles on NB topics and was a member of the Shriners’, the Royal Canadian Legion and the York-Sunbury Historical Society . He died on July 5th, 1988.

Coleman, Frederick B.

  • MS94
  • Person
  • 1847-1901

Fred Coleman (March1847 – 22 July 1901) was born in Saint John and came to Fredericton about 1872 as an agent for the lumber company, Guy Bevan & Co. In 1881 he succeeded Robert Orr as the proprietor of the Barker House Hotel. His reputation as proprietor of the Barker House was continental and enhanced by a mammoth frog that he had stuffed and kept in a glass case at the Barker House. He had found the frog at Killarney Lake where he leased property and built a summer hotel.

Skinner, Charles N.

  • MS9
  • Person
  • 1833-1858

Charles N. Skinner was born March 12, 1833, at Saint John--the son of Samuel Skinner and Phoebe Sherwood Golding. He was educated in Saint John public schools, studied law, and was admitted to the New Brunswick Bar in 1858. He settled and practiced law in Saint John. In 1865, he married Eliza Jane McLaughlin. Skinner died September 22, 1919, at Saint John, and was survived by his wife and seven children.

Skinner was elected to the House of Assembly as a Liberal member for Saint John in the General Election of June, 1861. He was defeated in the election of 1865; re-elected in 1866 and at a by-election in 1867. He resigned his seat in March, 1868, after being made a Judge of Probate for Saint John. In August, 1867, he was sworn in as a member of the Executive Council and made Solicitor General for the province. He retained this position until he resigned in March, 1868. Skinner was elected to the House of Commons in the General Election of 1887, and was re-elected in March 1891. In 1892, he was again appointed Judge of Probate for Saint John, and resigned upon becoming Recorder for the City of Saint John in 1894.

Skinner died September 22, 1919, at Saint John, and was survived by his wife and seven children.

Ganong, Major-General Hardy Nelson

  • MS89
  • Person
  • 1890-1963

Major-General Hardy Nelson Ganong was born on 18 April 1890 in St. Stephen, N.B., the son of Edward Morrison Ganong and Margaret Lunn Ganong. His family had the Ganong Brothers chocolate making business which he joined and in 1909 he also joined the Militia. He served in the First World War, enlisting in the 104th CEF Battalion and later joined the 5th Canadian Canadian Mounted Rifles. After the war he returned to St. Stephen, married Mildred Viola Thomas and had three children, Russell Edward, Constance Margaret and William Atherton. He remained with the milita and with the outbreak of WW II was a Lt. Colonel and commanding officer of the Carleton & York Regiment that he led overseas. In March 1941 he took command of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Brigade and in late 1942 was promoted to Major General. Early in 1943 he came back to Canada to organize and command the 8th Canadian Infantry Division, headquartered in Prince George, British Columbia. Later in 1943 he was placed in command of the 6th Canadian Infantry Division, headquartered on Vancouver Island where he was in charge of the preparation for the invasion of Japan. In December 1944 the invasion of Japan was cancelled and he was reassigned to command the Allied troops in Newfoundland where he remained until he retired in 1945. Out of army, he served as honorary aide-de-camp to three Governor General’s, Athlone, Massey & Vanier. From 1955 to 1962 he was the civil defence coordinator for the training of civil defence forces in NB. He was an avid curler, serving as president of the St Stephen Curling Club, the Royal Caladonia Club, and the NB Curling Association. He played on the St Stephen Club rink that won the provincial title. In 1930. Hardy and his wife died in an auto accident returning to St Stephen from Saint John on 24 Feb 1963.

Smith, Edith Marjorie “Madge"

  • MS88
  • Person
  • 1898-1974

Madge Smith (1898 – 1974) was born in England. Her family emigrated to Canada and Madge settled in Fredericton, working at Harvey Studios and then opening an art shop at 610 Queen Street. Beginning in the late 1930’s she photographed many events in Fredericton and also turned her attention to the St. John River Valley, Miramichi, and the Fundy coast.

Wyton, William H.

  • MS87
  • Person
  • 1907-1999

Mr. Wyton was born on 16 March 1907 in Warwickshire, England. He arrived in Canada in May 1920 as a Home Child and took up residence with John and Ethel MacBean in Taymouth. The British Child Emigration Movement occurred between 1869 and the 1930s when over a 100,000 children were sent to Canada from the British Isles. Called Home Boys and Home Girls, they were sent by churches and philanthropic organizations who wanted to give orphaned, abandoned and impoverished children a better life in rural Canada. They arrived on ships and were sent to a ‘Home’ and then to farms where they were used for farm labour and domestic help.

In the 1921 census, the MacBean household in Taymouth included John (84 years) Barbara (82 years), John H. (48 years), Ethel (32 years) and William Wyton (14 years). The MacBeans were descendant of Loyalist Angus MacBean who served with the 42nd Regiment and settled on the Nashwaak. John H. and Ethel did not have any children and Mr. Wyton eventually inherited their farm.

Mr. Wyton married Nellie Moran on 14 May 1930 and they would have five daughters and two sons. Nellie was the daughter of Ernest Moran and Hazel Gallagher. Mr. Moran was a Home Child who arrived in Canada in the 1890’s.

William Wyton died on 5 April 1999 in Fredericton, New Brunswick.

Barker, Theodore Clowes

  • MS85
  • Person
  • 1891-1960

Theodore Clowes Barker, “Theo”, the son of Robert & Mary (Brown) Barker, was born at Fredericton on 6 Oct. 1891. He was a member of the Canadian militia prior to the First World War and with the outbreak of the war enlisted in the 23rd Field Battery and served overseas. In October 1915, he received a commission to serve with the Imperial Army Permanent Force and until 1920 , when he was repatriated to Canada, he saw service in many countries including Ireland, Turkey, and the Black Sea region of Russia. He married Betty Poulton while in London in 1918 and when he returned to Fredericton in 1920, began work with the New Brunswick Dept. of Public Works where he remained until his retirement in 1959. He also remained active in the military during the interwar period. On the death of his father in 1929, he took on the post as Secretary to the Lieutenant Governor that, on his death in 1960, passed to his wife, Betty. Thus for a period of over 75 years the Barker family served the Lt. Governor’s of NB as Secretary. Theo died on 9 Dec 1960.

Taylor, George Thomas

  • MS84
  • Person
  • 1838-1913

George Thomas Taylor was born 6 Sep 1838 in Fredericton, son of William & Frances (Morrison) Taylor. His father built the family home on 232 Northumberland and it was to remain in the family for over a century. Under the tutelage of David Lawrence, a Fredericton portrait photographer, George began his photographic career in 1856, which included experimenting with daguerreotypes and glass negatives. Being resourceful and inventive in his work he is credited with the invention of the blueprint. This was in response to the requiremennts of the Crown Lands Department. In addition to his work in Fredericton he travelled throughout the province and some of his work is published in Canada’s first national news magazine, “Canadian Illustrated News”. He died on 5 Apr 1913.

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