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Authority record

Zion United Church

  • Corporate body
  • 1925-2010

The Presbyterian church in New Mills became Zion United Church after the formation of The United Church of Canada in 1925 and was part of the New Mills Pastoral Charge. After the amalgamation of New Mills Pastoral Charge and Dalhousie Pastoral Charge in January 2010, it was decided that the congregation of Chaleur United Church, comprised of the remaining members of the New Mills Pastoral Charge, would use the church building in Nash Creek for their worship services.

Zion Church (Portland)

  • Corporate body
  • Opened 1858

John Owens was a leading member of the Methodist community in Saint John, New Brunswick. He disagreed with the majority of his fellow Methodists in believing that instrumental music was not appropriate for church services. When his fellow trustees of Portland Methodist Church installed an organ, he withdrew and with some like-minded associates, he founded an independent church.

Zion Church on Valley Road, Portland, Saint John opened 25 July 1858. The congregation accepted principles close to Methodism and Presbyterianism. Membership was granted after candidates had been examined by the pastor, made a confession of faith and received a majority of the votes of the congregation. The church had strict guidelines for conduct and members who disobeyed were either suspended or excommunicated by a majority of church members present at a regular meeting. The mode of baptism was decided by individual church members and baptism of infants was left to the parents to decide.

The dedication service in 1858 was conducted by Rev. Dr. Donald, a local Presbyterian minister. The following Sunday, Rev. W.H. Daniels, a preacher connected to the Methodist Episcopalian Church became pastor. A Sunday School was organized 29 August 1858.

On 1 August 1859 Daniels was succeeded by Thomas Smith, a former Methodist preacher. The church was enlarged to accommodate 800 people and a parsonage was built during Mr. Smith's pastorate. In 1861, Rev. Daniels returned to the pastorate and was ordained on 1 September. The ordination service was conducted by Rev. Henry Wilkes, pastor of Zion's Church, Montreal; Rev. R. Wilson, Congregationalist of Sheffield; and Rev. George Stirling of Keswick Ridge. They were assisted by serval ministers of Saint John. In 1863, John Baylis became pastor until 1872.
After the death of John Owen in 1867, the management of the church was transferred to a board of trustees who were authorized to appoint pastors from the Episcopal, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregationalist or Methodist denominations. No instrumental music was to be permitted. Owens left money to run the church and also an endowment for teaching children music and drawing. Ministers of several different denominations served the church until June 1881 when it was closed.

By an act of Parliament, the church was turned into an art gallery and its endowment used to purchase paintings. When the gallery gailed, legislative authority was given to transfer the paintings to Sackville, where, in 1895, they formed the foundation of the permanent collection of the Owens Gallery at Mount Allison University. The church building was turned over to the Methodists and reopened as a Methodist Church in 1893.
Source: "The interesting life story of Zion Methodist Church", "The Semi-Weekly Telegraph" St. John, N.B., 22 January 1902

Zinck, Darrell

  • Corporate body
  • 1908:1932;1933

The Canadian Expeditionary Force was mostly volunteers, as conscription was not enforced until the end of the war when call-ups began in January 1918 (see Conscription Crisis of 1917). Ultimately, only 24,132 conscripts arrived in France before the end of the war.Canada was the senior Dominion in the British Empire and automatically at war with Germany upon the British declaration. According to Canadian historian Dr. Serge Durflinger at the Canadian War Museum, popular support for the war was found mainly in English Canada. Of the first contingent formed at Valcartier, Quebec in 1914, 'fully two-thirds were men born in the United Kingdom'. By the end of the war in 1918, at least 'fifty per cent of the CEF consisted of British-born men'. Recruiting was difficult among the French-Canadian population, although one battalion, the 22nd, who came to be known as the 'Van Doos', was French-speaking ("Van Doo" is an approximate pronunciation of the French for "22" - vingt deux) Private Joseph Pappin, 130 Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force.[3] To a lesser extent, several other cultural groups within the Dominion enlisted and made a significant contribution to the Force including aboriginals of the First Nations, Black Canadians as well as Black Americans.[4] The CEF eventually numbered 260 numbered infantry battalions, two named infantry battalions (The Royal Canadian Regiment and Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry), 13 mounted rifle regiments, 13 railway troop battalions, 5 pioneer battalions, as well as numerous ancillary units including field and heavy artillery batteries, ambulance, medical, dental, forestry, labor, tunneling, cyclist, and service units.A distinct entity within the Canadian Expeditionary Force was the Canadian Machine Gun Corps. It consisted of several motor machine gun battalions, the Eaton's, Yukon, and Borden Motor Machine Gun Batteries, and nineteen machine gun companies. During the summer of 1918, these units were consolidated into four machine gun battalions, one being attached to each of the four divisions in the Canadian Corps.The Canadian Corps with its four infantry divisions comprised the main fighting force of the CEF. The Canadian Cavalry Brigade also served in France. Support units of the CEF included the Canadian Railway Troops, which served on the Western Front and provided a bridging unit for the Middle East; the Canadian Forestry Corps, which felled timber in Britain and France, and special units which operated around the Caspian Sea, in northern Russia and eastern Siberia.

Young, Robert Morgan

  • Person
  • [ca. 1918]-1980

Robert Morgan Young was born circa 1918 in Saskatchewan Landing, Saskatchewan, the son of Richard Adrian and Margaret Ann (Dimock) Young. He served with the Canadian military as an airman during the Second World War and was stationed at Mount Allison University. He lived in the 2nd Men’s Residence which was destroyed by fire on 16 December 1941. He was able to escape with his life and his camera. While living in Sackville he met his wife, Geraldine Main Ward (1919-), who was the daughter of William Walter Ward (1884-1964) and Eva Grace Main (1885-). They were married on 9 February 1943. He subsequently worked as a buyer for CIL and as a business teacher in Toronto and Niagara Falls. He ended his career as the head of the Commercial Department at Westlane Secondary School in Niagara Falls, Ontario. He died in June of 1980.

Young, George

  • Person
  • 1867-1963

The Rev. George Muller Young (1867-1963) was born in Richibucto, Kent County, New Brunswick, the son of David Young and Elizabeth Lawson Young. He married Linda B. McLeod of Saint John, New Brunswick in 1894. He and his wife had eight children. After graduating from Mount Allison University at Sackville, N. B., Young was ordained a Methodist minister in 1892 and spent the next 46 years in Methodist and United Church of Canada pulpits in the three Maritime provinces. In New Brunswick he served in St. Stephen, St. Andrews, Saint John, Chatham and Fredericton.

George Young was a member of the joint union committee which brought the United Church of Canada into being. For several years he was a member of the Board of Regents of Mount Allison University. He retired in 1938 and spent the last 25 years of his life in Fredericton. He was minister emeritus of Wilmot United Church in Fredericton and an amateur ornithologist.

Young, D. Murray

  • Person
  • n.d.

Members of the RCAF detachment of trainees stayed at Mount Allison University for instruction in radio mechanics, February to June 1942. This was the fourth training program held at Mount Allison since May 1941 and was designed to provide a background in physics, and, in particular, radio and electrical theory. The instruction was under the direction of Professor Donald MacGregor, Dr. Dean P. Crawford, and Dr. W.H. McEwen of Mount Allison staff; Mr. O’Brien and Mr. Laporte of the CBC staff; and Donald Anderson and Robert LeLacheur, students specializing in Physics.

The 30 trainees and two officers were housed with several male students and faculty in Allison Lodge, the Ford Hotel building, W. Main St., formerly occupied as a ladies’ residence. The University Residence, which had housed the former trainees had burned just weeks before their arrival.

Young Women's Patriotic Association (Saint John, N.B.)

  • Corporate body
  • 1916 - n.d.

Alice L. Fairweather was born in Rothesay in 1880, the daughter of Charles Henry Fairweather and Lucille Hall. In the early years of her business life, Alice conducted a kindergarten. She was editor of the Women's Page and reporter for the Saint John Standard and correspondent for 36 years for Canadian Motion Picture Digest. During that period, she was a member of the New Brunswick Board of Motion Pictures Censors and secretary of the Maritime Film Board of Trade. Alice was active in several societies, clubs and organizations including Canadian Women's Press Club, Eclectic Reading Club, Young Women's Patriotic Association, Saint John Council of Women, New Brunswick Historical Society, New Brunswick Loyalists' Society, New Brunswick I.O.D.E., Saint John Hospitality Center, New Brunswick Board of Motion Picture Censors.

Young family (Descendants of Bessie Almira Young (1870-1959))

  • Family
  • Branch already established in 1870.

Bessie Almira Young (1870-1959) was the daughter of George McC. Young of Oak Bay, New Brunswick. She attended Mount Allison Ladies’ College, graduating with a teacher’s diploma in Domestic Science (1905). She got a teaching position at McDonald Consolidated School at Kingston, Kings County, New Brunswick, and became the first teacher of Household Science in connection with the public schools of New Brunswick. Bessie was also a graduate of the Provincial Normal School in Fredericton, New Brunswick, and had taught school for several years (6 of them in Sackville) before attending the Ladies’ College. She married William Bowden of Bonny River, New Brunswick, February 1906.

York-Sunbury Historical Society (Fredericton, N.B.)

  • Corporate body
  • Formed in 1932

The York-Sunbury Historical Society was formed in 1932 in Fredericton, New Brunswick. Major W.G. Clark was the first president. The aim of the Society was "to gather and preserve objects and traditions of historical interest in the region of central New Brunswick, especially the counties of York and Sunbury, and to read and publish papers dealing with the same." A library and museum were begun in the Fredericton Post Office in 1932 and moved to the Officers' Barracks in 1934. The society published "The Officers' Quarterly". The York-Sunbury Historical Society provided the much needed service of collecting and preserving records before the Provincial Archives was established. In 1968 the bulk of their collection was transferred to the Archives. The society is active in 2003.

York County Religious Education Council (York County, N.B.)

  • Corporate body
  • Formed ca. 1920.

In 1920, the York County Sunday School Association changed its name to the York County Religious Education Council. The Methodist, Presbyterian and Baptist churches created the Council to promote religious education in the county. It was a member of the Maritime Religious Education Council. The Council's activities included running a summer camp at Camp Wegesegum in Chipman; promoting world peace, particularly in the late 1930s; and promoting education about the natural environment and the prevention of forest fires.

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