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Authority record
8th Hussars Museum

104th Battalion

  • Corporate body
  • 1888-1917

The 104th Battalion, CEF, was an infantry battalion of the Great War Canadian Expeditionary Force. The 104th Battalion was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 28 June 1916, where, on 18 July 1916, its personnel were absorbed by the 17th Reserve Battalion, CEF and the 32nd Battalion, CEF, to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field. The battalion disbanded on 27 July 1918.[1] The 104th Battalion recruited throughout New Brunswick and was mobilized at Sussex.[2] The 104th Battalion was commanded by Lt.-Col. G.W. Fowler from 28 June 1916 to 22 January 1917 and by Lt.-Col. A.E. Mings from 22 January 1917 to 2 March 1918.[3] The 104th Battalion was awarded the battle honour THE GREAT WAR 1916-18.[4] The 104th Battalion, CEF is perpetuated by The Royal New Brunswick Regiment.

8th Regiment of Cavalry

  • Corporate body
  • 1848-1914

The 8th Canadian Hussars was formed on April 4th, 1848 as the New Brunswick Regiment of Yeomanry Cavalry, from eleven independent troops of Cavalry. The first of these was raised in 1825 from descendants of the Loyalists who settled the St. John and Kennebecasis river valleys.

Sixth Canadian Mounted Rifles

  • Corporate body
  • 1914-1919

The 6th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF, was a mounted infantry unit of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the First World War. It was formed on March 15, 1915 at Amherst, Nova Scotia . It recruited in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. It sailed to England in July, 1915, and after training arrived in France on October 22, 1915. It served in the field as infantry until December, 1915.

On January 1, 1916, the six regiments of Canadian Mounted Rifles were converted to infantry and reorganized into the four battalions of the 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade . The personnel of the 6th Regiment were absorbed into the 4th and 5th Battalions, CMR.

The 6th Regiment was perpetuated by the King's Canadian Hussars, which was converted to an artillery unit in 1939..

5th Armoured Regiment

  • Corporate body
  • 1940-1947

The Second World War was the first time the Hussars left Canadian shores as a Regiment. In July 1940, the Regiment was mobilized to form the 4th Canadian Motorcycle Regiment. In February 1941, the Canadian Army converted the Hussars to armour and became the 5th Armoured Regiment. The Regiment sailed for England at the end of August, 1941 and was stationed in England until November, 1943 when it sailed for Africa. The Regiment later sailed to Italy and landed in Naples in December. The Regiment fought through Italy, winning battle honours until February, 1944 when it sailed to France to begin the journey to the campaigns in Belgium and Holland. It was in Italy that the first Princess Louise, the original Regimental mascot

Camp Sussex

  • Corporate body
  • 1880-1978

Between 1868 to 1876, John Saunders trained his men at his home in Fox Hill. Camps were held there every other year. In 1881 stables were build on the grounds which were to become Camp Sussex. In 1883 the officers built a home. It was called the Cavalry Club House and became the first officer?s mess. In 1893 the Federal government purchased the grounds outright and created a permanent military camp. In that year there was a large camp held with both the Infantry and Cavalry participating.In 1936 they became a motorized cavalry unit. In 1937 a mechanized cavalry unit and in 1938 they became a divisional cavalry unit. In 1940 they switched to motorcycles and became the 4th Canadian Motorcycle Regiment. In Janualry of that year they were given the order to mobilize and 415 men trained in Sussex that year. In March 1941, they became the 5th Armoured Regiment and were sent to Camp Borden, in Ontario to train. Later they went to Debert, Nova Scotia and then went overseas in November 1941. In 1946 the Regiment came home. The train arrived in Sussex on January 27, 1946. The 8th Hussars were back at summer camp that August for the first time since 1940. During the 1950?s training became more concentrated. Twice a year the Regiment conducted concentrated courses to top off their local training. These courses included skills in trades such as driving and maintenance, wireless and gunnery. In the late 1950?s changes were made. The Regiment was moved to CFB Gagetown and Camp Sussex as such was no more. There are still some Militia and Cadets here.

Elliott

  • Person
  • 1958 - 1962

Elliott was a member of the Regular Force.

Burton John Crealock

  • Person
  • 1941-1946

Private Burton John Crealock 1 August 1920 -23 March 2012 Canadian Army G 6078- Private . He Enrolled in the No 70 CABA Fredericton N.B. 15 May 1942 and Served in Canada, United Kingdom and Continental Europe . Burton was Discharged from the Service under Routine Order 1029 by Reason of the the Return to civil Life( on Demobilization ) 4 May 1946 Fredericton New Brunswick. Medals awarded 1939-1945 Star, France - Germany Star and Canadian Volunteer Service Medal and Clasp. Private John Burton Crealock Married Mable Estella Holder 14 December 1942, Lower Millstream United Church Kings Co. New Brunswick.

Cpl. Atkinson

  • Person
  • 1945

Corporal Atkinson was the Son of Fred and Lilia Atkinson. He lived in West Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada prior to joining the Regiment. He died on May 5th, 1945 at the age of 25.

Boer War

  • Corporate body
  • 1899-1902

Officially this was the Second Boer War. This was saw the might of the British Empire pitted against the small population of independent Boers in South Africa. This war turned into an international humiliation when the Boers were able to bog down the British and cause the war to drag on for years, rather than the purported months claimed by British authorities. Reinforcements from the Empire swelled the Empire forces to over half-a-million men. This war machine was pitted against a Boer force of 75 000. The British employed the use of the first concentration camps, gathering up Boer families and concentrating them into small enclosures. The overwhelming British Force coupled with the psychological effects of the concentration of the Boer families turned the war in favour of the British thereby ending the war.

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