- n.d.; records from 1811 onward
William Dobson Carter, originally from Westmorland County, New Brunswick, lived in Lower Meccan, Nova Scotia.
William Dobson Carter, originally from Westmorland County, New Brunswick, lived in Lower Meccan, Nova Scotia.
Benjamin Chaloner and his wife Anne Fairchild, originally from Rhode Island, arrived in New Brunswick with the Loyalists in 1783. Their son Job remained in Philadelphia. Their son John Chaloner became Registrar of Deeds for Saint John County sometime after 1783, and held this position for the next 29 years. John and his wife Susan Scott had a son, Benjamin Chaloner, who was appointed tide surveyor, gauger, and weightmaster in 1827. Their nephew, Ninyon Chaloner (d. 14 June 1835) was Registrar of Deeds and Wills for Kings County, New Brunswick.
At the time of his death in 1827, John employed a Black servant named Peggy. Although slavery remained legal in New Brunswick until 1834, slaveowners or slaveholders had begun to emancipate their slaves from about 1800 onwards. Many of the Black servants working in the province in the 1820s had acquired their freedom in this way. Peggy may have been one of them.
Phoebe Helen Charlotte Chandler, the daughter of Elspeth Russell Kirk and Dr. Amos Henry Chandler, was born in Moncton, New Brunswick, in 1867. She had 6 siblings, namely, Ivaline (1860-1930), Stanley Kirk (b. 1862), Dora (1853-1867), Mary Eliza (1865-1865), Laura (1868-1868), and Percy Barron (b. 1870). After her mother's death, in December 1870, when she was 3-years-old, Phoebe and her siblings went to live with their grandparents, Edward Barron Chandler and Phoebe Chandler, in Dorchester. Edward Barron Chandler, a prominent New Brunswick politician and Father of Confederation, served as Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick from 1878 until his death in 1880. Although Phoebe Chandler resided, for a time, with her grandparents, her permanent home seems to have been with her father and stepmother, Charlotte Elizabeth (Kirk) Chandler, who were married in Bangor, Maine, on 24 October 1871.
Charlotte Elizabeth (Kirk) Chandler was both Phoebe Chandler's stepmother and aunt. Phoebe remained emotionally close to her throughout her life, even following Charlotte E. Chandler's marital separation from Phoebe's father, A. H. Chandler, about 1890, and her move to England. Phoebe Chandler also remained close to her eldest sister, Ivaline Chandler. Between 1874 and 1875 Phoebe and Ivaline, attended the convent school of Notre Dame (Roman Catholic) in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. In the mid-1880s, the sisters attended religious services regularly at the Mission Church of St. John the Baptist (Anglican), in Saint John, which was under the guidance of Father Davenport. During this period, Ivaline Chandler joined an Anglican Sisterhood, the Society of Saint Margaret, which had come to Boston in 1873. Sister Ivaline Margaret died, in Boston, on 29 May 1930 and was buried in the Society's lot at Cedar Grove Cemetery, Boston.
On 4 June 1890, Phoebe H. C. Chandler married William Richardson Racey (Dick), the son of Mary Dixon Racey and Henry Racey, in the Mission Church of St. John the Baptist. Phoebe and Dick Racey had three children, namely, Barron Richardson (b. 1891), Mary Elspeth (b. 1892, Roller), and John Chandler (b. 1894). W. R. Racey (Dick) was employed with the Merchants' Bank of Halifax, first in Dorchester, then in Bathurst and Woodstock, and, lastly, in Fredericton where he was named manager of the local branch. He died suddenly, on 23 June 1897, at the age of 38, leaving Phoebe H. C. Racey a widow with three young children, the oldest being 6 and the youngest soon to be diagnosed with epilepsy.
In August of 1897, Phoebe H. C. Racey and her children sailed for England where they lived near or with relatives, including Phoebe's stepmother, Charlotte Elizabeth (Kirk) Chandler and stepsister, Elspeth Russell Chandler. Over the years, she made her home in several different communities. Due to financial difficulties, Phoebe H. C. Racey was forced to rely on family members for monetary support. On 3 October 1899, Phoebe H. C. Racey married Arthur Greenstock, a ship's officer with Canadian Steamship Lines, in London, England; however, they divorced, in 1907, over allegations of his marital infidelity. Following the divorce, Phoebe Greenstock resumed using her earlier surname, Racey. Phoebe Racey died, in England, at the age of 79.
Phoebe H. C. Racey's children led different lives. Barron Richardson (Dick) Racey went to sea as an apprentice, at age 14, but discovered the life of a seaman was not for him. He moved to Canada, in 1909, and found work as a bank clerk and later in the insurance business. During World War I, he joined the Canadian Army, in 1914, and was sent to France. He was captured, spending 15 months as a prisoner-of-war (POW) in Germany before escaping to Holland. He returned to Canada, and, at war's end, was training to become a pilot for the fledgling Canadian Naval Air Service. In 1927, he married Estelle Bélanger, and they moved to England, remaining there for a number of years. During World War II, he was awarded a commission in the Veterans' Guard of Canada. For a number of years, Dick Racey helped with the financial support of his mother, her stepmother, her stepsister, and, occasionally, his sister. He died in Rawdon, Quebec, at the age of 74.
Barron Richardson Racey's sister, Mary Elspeth Racey followed a theatrical career under the stage name, Elspeth Innes-Ker. She worked sporadically in both the London area and Paris, until about 1913. She married George Trevor Roller, in January 1914, and they had a daughter, Joan Roller. G. Trevor Roller served in the armed forces, during World War I, and the Roller family settled in London for a number of years after the war. The couple, however, separated, in 1937. Elspeth Racey Roller died, in 1941, at age 48.
The youngest Racey sibling, John Chandler (Jack) Racey, suffered from epilepsy. He had wanderlust, roaming the United States and western Canada and finding employment occasionally. He joined the United States Army, during World War I. His contact with his family appears to have been sporadic. The date of his death is unknown.
I. Bowden Chapman (b. ca. 1827), the son of Philip Chapman and Elizabeth Jones, maried Maria Clarke, daughter of Rev. Alexander Clarke, D.D. They lived near Shediac, New Brunswick and had six children: J. Carritte (b. 1854), became a Presbyterian minister; William Young, also a minister; Howard , (b. 1869), a physician; Alexander Clarke (1862-1926), stayed on the homestead engaged in farming and operating a milling business, married Mary Isabel Trenholm; daughter Bess (b. 1865), married W.M. Spence, merchant in Port Elgin, N.B.; Frances (Fanny) (b. 1857) married Dr. Trueman of Searletown, P.E.I.
Bowden Chapman owned a sawmill and later manufactured shingles in addition to long lumber. He was appointed postmaster of Chapman in 1873.
Trooper Ralf Morris Chapman (G793) traveled overseas to England where he trained for a couple of courses wireless and AFW fitters course. Trooper Chapman was the son of Percy and Gertrude M. Chapman ; he lived in Mt. Middleton Kings County, New Brunswick, Canada prior to joining the Regiment . He died September 13th 1944 at the age of 24.
"Trooper Ralph Morris Chapman from Mt. Middleton, New Brunswick. Ralph served with B Squadron, 8th Princess Louise's (New Brunswick) Hussars during WWII and passed away as a result of combat wounds on 13 September 1944. He fought and died at Coriano Ridge, Italy. Ralph's brother Harold also served with the same unit and currently resides in Peticodiac, NB."
Joseph Clarke, Sr. of Stratford, Connecticut, was a physician who fled to the British Army in 1776, at the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War. His wife and children later took refuge in New York where he joined them. In June 1783 he, his wife, their 9 children, and 4 servants boarded the "Bridgwater" en route to Saint John, in what is now New Brunswick.
The Clarke family settled at Maugerville in Sunbury County, and Joseph resumed his medical practice. He was also appointed a judge of the Court of Common Pleas. Joseph Sr. died intestate at Maugerville in 1813 at age 79, leaving an estate with a total value of Ð1,299. His widow, Isabella Elizabeth Alleyne died the same year, aged 71.
Joseph Clarke, Jr., son of Joseph Clarke, Sr., accompanied his family, as a single man, to St. John aboard the "Bridgwater" in June 1783. He settled at Greenwich Hill on Long Reach in the St. John River in Kings County, New Brunswick. Joseph, Jr. died in 1828, at the age of 65, while in New York visiting friends. He left an estate valued at Ð175.
Source: Sabine, Lorenzo, Loyalists of the American Revolution, Vol. 1; Bell, D. G., Early Loyalist Saint John: The Origin of New Brunswick Politics 1783-1786, 1983; Bunnell, Paul J., The New Loyalist Index, 1989; Early Probate Records (bound volume at PANB)
Clarke and Gamble
Alexander Colter came to New Brunswick in 1819 with the Johnston family from County Leitrim, Ireland. He had 4 sons: George Johnson (1840-1915), born in Douglas, York County; Newton Ramsey (1844-1917), born in Sheffield, Sunbury County; Thomas Henry (1849-1923), also born in Sheffield; and James (c.1836-1917). George Colter was educated in local public schools, and later moved to St. Marys, New Brunswick, where he settled into business. He also sat on York County Municipal Council, as councilor for his parish and warden of the county. He married Celia Slipp and they had at least 2 sons, Ashley (b. 1888) and George Leonard.
In June 1878 he was elected to the House of Assembly, sitting for 8 years as a Conservative. He was a member of the Executive Council and served as Commissioner of Public Works from 1882-1883. His brother Newton was a medical doctor, who studied in London and the University of Edinburgh, Scotland. By 1871 he had moved to Woodstock and married Eliza Jane Hatt. They had four daughters: Annie, Marion, Eleanor and Jennie. Newton was the Liberal Member of Parliament for Carleton County from 1891 to 1896. On July of 1897 Newton was appointed the Post Office Inspector for New Brunswick.
MC1156 Graves Papers
"Madam Keswick" / Sylvia Sharpe
Allison Montrose Colwell, fire department captain, insurance and real estate agent, was born in February 1889 at Grand Lake, New Brunswick. He was the son of Charles Melvin Colwell and Lounica Chanla Burns and had two brothers, Walter M. and J. Milton. Allison Colwell married (1) Eunice Mary Trecartin on 12 June 1912 and (2) Jessie ?. He had two children, Archibald K., and Mrs. C.P. Edgett. Archibald was married to Jean and moved to New York prior to 1963.
Allison Colwell joined the Saint John Fire Department in 1922 and was made a captain in 1928. He retired from the fire department in 1949 and then became an insurance and real estate agent for British General Insurance Company. Allison M. Colwell was a member of the Angler's Association, Fish and Game Protective Association, the Knights of Pythias, and the Masons. He died 21 May 1963.
Merchant, banker, and Planter or pre-Loyalist, Amasa Coy, the son of Edward Coy [McCoy] (1725-1795) and Amy Titus (1733-1808), was born 31 July 1757 in Pomfret, Connecticut. In 1763, Edward and Amy Coy and their children, Sarah (1756-1829, m. Sylvanus Plummer), Amasa (1757-1838), Asa (1759-1784), and Lavinia / Lavine / Lavina (b. 1761, m. Gershom Bonnell), arrived in Maugerville, Sunbury County, Nova Scotia, which, in 1784, would become Sunbury County, New Brunswick. The family later moved to Gage Township and expanded to include at least 7 more children: Hannah (b. 1763, m. Cromwell), John (1766-1814, m. Amy Ann Parent), Edward (1768-1849, m. Jannet A. Murray), Mary (1771-1859, m. 1st Morris, 2nd Bradley), David (1773-1866), Anna (b. ca. 1777), and Rev. Benjamin (1778-1865, m. Sarah Cottle). Edward Coy sympathized with the American colonists during the American Revolution and served with Jonathan Eddy when he attacked Fort Cumberland in 1776.
Edward and Amy Coy's daughter, Mary Coy Bradley, became well-known for her religious beliefs. She married first, David Morris (b. 1766) on 15 February 1793 in Coytown, located near Gagetown, Queens County, New Brunswick. This marriage produced one child that died in infancy. Following David Morris' death, in 1817, she married Leverit Bradley (b. 1766), on 30 June 1819, also at Coytown.
Mary Coy Bradley was caught-up in the religious fervour of the Great Awakening. Born a Presbyterian and having an association with both the Congregationalists and the New Light Baptists, she converted to the Wesleyan Methodist faith in 1803. Although denied opportunities to speak about her faith in public forums, in later life, she expressed her beliefs in her memoirs entitled, "Narrative of the Life and Christian Experience of Mrs. Mary Bradley, of Saint John, New Brunswick", which was published in Boston in 1849. Mary Coy Bradley lived most of her adult life in Saint John. She died there, on 12 March 1859, aged 87 years.
Her brother, Amasa Coy, was well-known for his political and religious activities. Like his father, he served with Jonathan Eddy during the Fort Cumberland attack of 1776. Amasa Coy married twice, first, in 1797, to Elizabeth Holly / Holley (b. ca. 1761-1808), and they had 3 children, namely, Asa Coy (1799-1874); Sarah P. Coy (b. ca. 1802, Thomas B. Smith) and Rebecca Bunnell Coy (b. ca. 1803-1844, Simpson). His second marriage to Mary Spafford Barker Smith (ca. 1776-1863), about 1808, produced two sons, Dr. Amasa P. Coy (ca. 1815-1837) and John S. Coy (ca. 1812-1870).
Amasa Coy, Sr. associated with the local Congregational church and was involved in moving the meeting house at Maugerville to Sheffield in 1789. He was also involved with an Allinite group, followers of New Light evangelist Henry Alline, at Waterborough and Gagetown. About 1797 he moved from Gagetown to Queensbury Parish, York County, where he helped organize the Calvinist Baptist church at Prince William in 1800.
A few years later, in 1808, Amasa Coy moved to Fredericton, where he lived for many years in a brick house, located at the corner of Queen and Regent streets. He established a store on Queen Street, which, in 1825, operated as Stewart & Coy, merchants. Amasa Coy was also involved with the founding of the Fredericton Baptist Church in 1814, and he served as a Deacon from that year until 1830. By the time of his death, the church had opened a Baptist seminary in Fredericton with the Rev. Frederick William Miles in charge.
Amasa Coy and his son, Asa, were two of the founders of the Central Bank of New Brunswick, which was organized in 1834. Amasa Coy was named the first president of the Bank of Fredericton in 1836. In some of Amasa Coy's business dealings, he worked in partnership with his son, Asa, and with his son-in-law, Thomas B. Smith. Amasa Coy died on 18 July 1838 and was buried in the Old Burying Ground, in Fredericton.
Amasa Coy's daughters married well. Sarah P. Coy (b. ca. 1802) married Thomas B. Smith (ca. 1803-1840), a Methodist, about 2 August 1824, and they had a least 4 children -- Amasa Coy Smith (also known as Amasa McCoy), Thomas B. Smith (b. ca. 1824-1880), Rebecca Louisa Smith (d. 1841), and Elizabeth Smith (m. Charles H. M. Black). Sarah P. Smith and her children, were living in Fredericton in 1855.
Rebecca Bunnell Coy married John Simpson (1799-1863), merchant, Queen's Printer, and publisher of the "Royal Gazette," on 23 February 1825, at Fredericton. They had 9 children -- John Wesley Simpson (1826-1827), Sarah Louisa (1830-1834), John Duncan (1840-1841), Mary Elizabeth (m. Rev. John Lathern), Emma Colebrook. (m. Rev. T. Neales), Joseph G., Kate (m. Oliver Jones), Isabella Browning (1833-1864, m. William J. N. Hanington), and Catherine Garden. Rebecca B. Simpson died in April 1844, aged 40 years. In January of the following year, John Simpson married Alicia Wallace. He died at Fredericton on 21 February 1863.
Amasa Coy's sons also made their home in the Fredericton area. Amasa P. Coy became a medical doctor and surgeon, studying first in New York, between 1831 and 1832, under Alex N. Stevens, M.D. and, between 1833 and 1834, at Glasgow University and Glasgow Royal Infirmary. In 1836, he sold his office and drug store, on Regent Street, to Dr. Henry Hartt. Dr. Amasa P. Coy died, prematurely, at Fredericton, on 30 March 1837, aged 23.
His elder brother, John S. Coy, married Catherine Palmer Trueman (b. 1807-22 February 1882), the daughter of Nancy Palmer and John Trueman, of Mount Watley, Westmorland County, on 21 June 1836. They had at least 5 children, namely, Mary A. (b. ca. 1837-d. 6 February 1883), Milcah M. (b ca. 1841- 27 December 1884), Sarah Louise (d. 1846), Milley (d. 1883), and Catherine (b. ca. 1843-15 June 1908). Three of the daughters, Mary, Catherine (Cassie), and Milley attended the Wesleyan Academy, in Sackville, probably in the 1850s, and all three were adherents of the Methodist faith. In 1852, John S. Coy's mother, Mary S. Coy, was living with the family.
John S. Coy had a varied business career. He was recorded working as a clerk with the Central Bank in Fredericton in 1861. He was also a a director of the Central Fire Insurance Co., a tax assessor in Fredericton (1843), and a director of a gas company. John S. Coy died suddenly on 1 August 1870, at Fredericton.
Amasa P. and John S. Coy's half brother, Asa Coy, married Mary Ann Ring (1805-1884) on 29 March 1825, and they had no fewer than 9 children, namely, Asa Holly (1827-1871), Caroline / Carrie Ring (1829-1911, Waterhouse), Sarah Elizabeth (1831-1893, Phair), Marianne (1832-1901, Watts), Frances Rebecca (1835-1836), Fanny Rebecca (1836-1848), Harriet Amelia (b. ca. 1837-1848), Amasa Simpson (1845-1846), and George Frederick Miles (1844-1907).
Like his father, Asa Coy was an adherent of the Baptist faith. He served as a Deacon of the Fredericton Baptist Church from 1830-1874. He was a member of the Sons of Temperance as well, and he travelled to several cities in North America to attend meetings and conferences. Asa Coy's activities in the Baptist Church and the Sons of Temperance brought him into contact with a number of prominent men, including Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley, William B. Kinnear, the Hon. William Henry Steeves, the Rev. I. E. Bill, the Rev. George Seely, and the Hon. A. McL. Seely. These men corresponded with Asa Coy, and some of their letters are represented here.
Asa Coy was employed in several different capacities. In addition to his work in the store and Central Bank of New Brunswick, he held the post of commissioner of the Fredericton almshouse from 1848 to 1850. He served as Commissioner of Crown Debts and as a magistrate for York County, resigning both posts in April 1854, when he moved to Saint John after suffering financial difficulties. In 1855, Asa Coy returned to Fredericton and was employed as clerk or secretary to the Board of Works, headed by his friend, the Hon. W. H. Steeves. He continued at that post for about 20 years. For a time, he worked alongside his brother-in-law, John Simpson, the Queen's Printer, and was in charge of collecting accounts.
For much of his working life, Asa Coy made his home in Fredericton, but from the spring of 1854 until about May of 1855, he lived in Saint John. When he returned to Fredericton, his wife, Mary Ann Coy, remained in the Port City until the summer of 1858. During those years, Mary Ann Coy took in boarders to make ends meet. Mary Ann Coy also spent time away from home visiting with family. The months Asa and Mary Ann Coy spent apart is reflected in this fonds by the numerous letters she wrote to him. Asa Coy died at Fredericton on 1 February 1874; Mary Ann Coy survived him, passing away at Beechmont, Fredericton, on 6 November 1884.
Asa and Mary Ann Coy had a close relationship with their children. Sarah Elizabeth Coy married John Henry Phair (ca. 1824-1896) on 6 March 1850. J. H. Phair was a barrister and solicitor who practiced law in Fredericton. He also held the office of city clerk and, in the 1870s, served as clerk assistant of the Legislative Council. For about 12 years, he was fishery commissioner. The Phairs, who were members of the Church of England, had 3 children, Harry Ring (1865-1941), m. Jessie Tennant), Fannie A. E. (b. 1871, m. H. Percy Lee), and Edwin Earnest (1851-1929), m. Junetta Estey). Edwin E. Phair, attended the Wesleyan Academy, in Sackville, in the 1860s. Mary Ann Coy was living with the Phairs, in Carleton Ward, Fredericton, in 1881.
Marianne Coy married Edwin / Edward Davidson Watts (b. ca. 1830), of Saint John, on 12 November 1861, and they had a daughter Minnie R. (m. Walter G. Lewis). Marianne Coy Watts died in Boston in 1901.
Caroline (Carrie / Carry) Ring Coy taught school briefly in Saint John immediately prior to her marriage. She married Levi H. Waterhouse (1809-1879) on 23 December 1856, at Saint John, and they made their home there. The Waterhouses had at least 3 children, namely, William Henry Waterhouse (b. ca.1857-1861), Sarah E. Phair (d. 1869), and Minnie Coy (Clark). Carrie R. Waterhouse died on 17 April 1911.
Sarah, Mary Ann, and Caroline's brother, A. Holly Coy married Mary Elizabeth Foster, the daughter of Stephen K. Foster, of Saint John, in October 1851. They had a daughter, Mary Louise W. (m. W. L. Harding). By the mid to late 1850s, Holly and Mary Coy had separated, and they were still living apart in the early 1860s. While a young man, Holly Coy was employed as a druggist in Fredericton. From 1855 to 1856, he was living and working in the Boston area (Chelsea), but, by March 1857, he had returned to New Brunswick and was working in Saint John. Eventually, he returned to Fredericton where he was employed as a clerk for the Board of Works. A. Holly Coy died at Fredericton on 17 September 1871, aged 44.
Holly Coy's younger brother, George Frederick Miles Coy, attended Horton Academy, in Wolfville, Nova Scotia. In 1866, G. Frederick M. Coy was one of a company of volunteers that left Fredericton for St. Andrews to guard against Fenian attacks. G. Frederick M. Coy married Emily J. Waterhouse, the daughter of Levi H. Waterhouse, on 7 July 1875, at Saint John, and they had, at least, two children, namely, May / Mae (b. ca. 1876-1895) and Hazel E. (b. 1879). G. Fred M. Coy was employed in the provincial secretary's office, for a time, and later as a clerk in the office of the Board of Works. He died in Fredericton on 10 September 1907, aged 63 years.
Amasa Coy, Sr., and his children, particularly, Asa Coy, Dr. Amasa P. Coy, and John S. Coy, and their families are represented in this fonds.
Sources: This sketch draws heavily on the entry for "Amasa Coy," by D. M. Young, in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography on-line. Other sources include familysearch.org; The Old Burying Ground Fredericton, New Brunswick Vol. I by Isabel Louise Hill; Daniel F. Johnson's Vital Statistics from New Brunswick newspapers on-line; MC239; Massachusetts Archives on-line database; RS141 Vital Statistics from Government Records; and New Brunswick Census, 1861, 1881, 1901, and 1911.
William Crane, born in Horton, Nova Scotia, 1785, settled in Sackville, New Brunswick, where he was a merchant. His cousin Charles F. Allison joined him in 1816, and eventually became Crane's partner in a family firm which exported local agricultural produce and imported other commodities. In 1824 Crane was elected to the House of Assembly and served as Speaker to the Provincial Assembly until his death in 1853. He was married twice: first to Susannah D. Roach in 1813 to whom was born a daughter Ruth; second to Eliza Wood in 1838.