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Authority record

Armstrong, John

  • Person
  • [b. 1818 or 1819]

John Armstrong was born in Ireland in 1818 or 1819 and emigrated to Saint John, New Brunswick, in 1836. He became a merchant and the owner of John Armstrong and Company, a dry goods store located on Prince William Street, Saint John, from ca. 1849 until 1877 when it was engulfed during the Great Fire of Saint John in June that year.
He was married to Jane Jones, born in 1825 or 1826, and they had at least one child, Margaret born in 1848 or 1849. Armstrong owned land in Saint John, Woodstock, Grand Falls, Buctouche and areas of Carleton, Victoria, Kent, Queens and Sunbury counties. He had interests in sawmills and had owned or had shares in ships and boats, including the barque "Jennie Armstrong" and the brig "Maggie".

St. John Business Directory, 1857; Conwell, Russell H., History of the great fire in Saint John, June 20 and 21, 1877; and Census 1851

Arnold, Benedict, General

  • Person
  • 1741-1801

Benedict Arnold was born January 14th, 1741, in Norwich, Connecticut, son of Benedict Arnold, a merchant, and Hannah Mansfield.

The infamy that clings to Benedict Arnold in the American popular mind has obscured the remarkable life a man who was--after George Washington--the ablest general in the Continental Army. He had an apothecary shop and trading business in New Haven in 1761.

When the Revolution broke out in 1775 Arnold was eager to defend colonial liberties against what he regarded as the oppressive policies of th British government. He would take part in numerous campaigns, including the failed invasion of Canada (1775-1776). In 1780, he defected to the British Army. His publicly stated reasons were that he never supported the idea of independence but merely had wished for a redress of legitimate colonial grievances; and he was simply not able to continue supporting the American cause once an alliance with France, "the enemy of the Protestant faith", had been concluded. In reality more likely personal problems he experienced during the war: enemies, accusations of misconduct, court martial, etc. Convinced that a man of his talents deserved better treatment, in May 1779 he began sending military intelligence to the British Commander-in-Chief, Sir Henry Clinton, using at intermediaries the Loyalists Joseph Stansbury and Jonathan Odell. He was made a brigadier-general in the British forces.

In 1781, having abondoned all hope for a future in the colonies he moved to England. There he was still unable to be involved in any substantial way in the war. In 1785 he emigrated to Saint John, New Brunswick, and purchased lot. no. 1329 and established a trading partnership with his son Richard and Monson Hayt. The firm conducted a profitable trade with the West Indies. He was still embroiled in controversy particularly with a lawsuit against Edward Winslow in 1789. The partnership dissolved and Hayt and Arnold were involved in legal actions. Arnold was accused of arson of the business for the insurance money. Arnold was defended by Ward Chipman and Jonathan Bliss. Hayt was found gulity of slander but the damages awarded were minor. Arnold left for England in 1791. Arnold's last years in England were miserable ones. He was still was unable to obtain a military command, was financially not prosperous, and plagued with ill health. He even fought a duel in 1792. He died in 1801.

Dictionary of Canadain Biography, Vol V, 1983

Arnold, Nelson

  • Person
  • 1816-1900

Nelson Arnold (1816-1900) married Anna Maria Smith on 16 May 1854 in Saint John, New Brunswick. The Arnolds had six children. They lived in the area of Sussex, New Brunswick. Nelson Arnold was the Sussex crown land surveyor from 1860-1887.

Source: 1861 Census, Schedule A-F

Arsenault, Joseph Stanislaus

  • Person
  • b. 1901

Joseph Stanislaus Arsenault was born Oct. 11, 1901, the son of Pierre Arsenault and Héléne Bertin. of Bathurst, Gloucester County, New Brunswick. At the age of 23 months, he was kidnapped by gypsies and disappeared. In 1907, a young English-speaking boy, named Willie Hatkins, was found aboard a coastal lumber ship in Rivière Caplan, Gaspé. He had been adopted by Elie Joncas, a lumber inspector with the McLean Company. Willie Hatkins stayed with the Joncas family for 12 years before travelling to Nova Scotia, and later on, to Western Canada and the United States. In 1925, Willie Hatkins was hired by the Bonaventure and Gaspé Telephone Company, where he stayed until 1929.

After the death of his adoptive father, Willie Hatkins, now 30 years old, took up homesteading at St. Elzéar, some 20 miles distant. In 1933, several of Willie Hatkins' friends crossed the Baie de Chaleurs to play ball in Petit Rocher. There, a chance encounter with Pierre Arsenault, a man who strongly resembled Willie Hatkins, led to a series of events resulting in Willie Hatkins (a.k.a. Joseph Stan Arsenault) being reunited with his father, Pierre Arsenault.

Ashfield, Elizabeth Ann (Woodburn)

  • Person
  • b. 1886

Elizabeth Ann Ashfield Woodburn was born in 1866, daughter of James Ramsay Woodburn and Catherine Jane Reid. James Woodburn emigrated from Scotland to New Brunswick where he formed a photographic partnership with Carson Flood in 1862. In 1873, he began the Victoria Steam Confectionery Works and in 1880 invented and patented Woodburn's Pulverizer for use in the confectionery business. In the 1890s, he was president of the F.C. Colwell Confectionery.

Elizabeth Woodburn studied art at the Owens Art Institute in Saint John under the tutelage of John Hammond. In the 1900s, Miss Woodburn gave private lessons from her home on Orange Street. She belonged to the Saint John Art Club and the Women's Art Association of Canada, Saint John Division. Elizabeth died in 1945 in Saint John.

Atherton, Benjamin

  • MS12
  • Person
  • 1736-1816

Benjamin Atherton was born December 9, 1736, at Lancaster, Massachusetts. As a young man, he enlisted in the British Army, sailed from Boston in 1755 on the sloop "Victoria", and served for a year in Nova Scotia under Colonel Winslow. According to Lilian Maxwell's History of Central New Brunswick, Lieutenant Benjamin Atherton took part in the expulsion of the Acadians.
In 1769, Atherton arrived in Saint John and became a fur trader with the firm of Simonds, Hazen, and White of Portland Point. Atherton was placed as manager of a truck-house at St. Anne's Point, in competition with John Anderson, who was established at the mouth of the Nashwaak River. He refused to join the rebel movement in Maugerville during the American Revolution. After the War, he served as Clerk of the Peace, Registrar, and later coroner for Sunbury County. In 1788, Governor Carleton purchased land from Atherton as part of the property for Government House--land that Atherton had owned for almost twenty years. Atherton died July 17, 1816, at Prince William, York County.

Ayer, Gerald Carruthers

  • Person
  • [1898 or 1899]-1992

Gerald Carruthers Ayer, of Sackville, New Brunswick, attended the Sackville Primary Schools. The Mount Allison calendars list him as an engineering student at the University for 1916/1917 and 1917/1918, and then as a student in bookkeeping at the Academy and Commercial College, 1918-1919. He lived on Bridge Street and operated a filling station business for most of his working years. He died 30 April 1992, at the age of 93.

Aymer, John

  • MC75
  • Person
  • 1800-1900

John Aymer of St. Andrews petitioned the Provincial Assembly for the privilege of building a water system for St. Andrews. This was granted by an act of the Assembly, renewed in 1845 and extended to 1860. However the company was not incorporated until 12 April 1861 by Benjamin F. Milliken, John Aymer, James W. Chandler, John Bradford, Wellington Hatch, and William Kerr. Benjamin R. Stevenson was president during the last days of the Company.

Babbitt, George Wetmore

  • MS10
  • Person
  • 1870-1961

George Wetmore Babbitt, the son of George Nealon Babbitt and Annie Babbitt. George Nealon Babbitt was Deputy Receiver-General and spent fifty years in the public service of New Brunswick. George Wetmore Babbitt was born in Fredericton on April 29, 1870. He was educated in the Normal School in Fredericton and was employed with the Bank of Nova Scotia. In 1897, he married Annie May McLaughlin , they had two children, and George died in 1961. Samuel Wellington Babbitt was born in Fredericton on 1 Oct 1881. He served in the 71st Militia Regiment, 1901-03 and enlisted in Feb 1915 in the 8th Field Company CEF.

Bagley, Vernon

  • Person
  • 1916-1981

Vernon Bagley was born in Seal Cove, Grand Manan, Charlotte County, in 1916, the son of Robert and Leone (Greene) Bagley. Vernon completed grade 9 at Seal Cove School and then worked with his father as a fisherman between Seal Cove and Wood Island. In 1945, Vernon married Florence Wilson of Seal Cove, and they had a son, Colin, who made his home in Grand Harbour with his wife, Mary (Gaskill) Bagley, and their son, Stewart.

In February 1963, Vernon rescued Floyd Jones off of the coast of Grand Manan, near Southern Head, receiving the Carnegie Silver Medal for his actions. Following his retirement from fishing and hunting, Vernon worked for 21 years as a provincial game warden. He retired a second time, in 1981, at age 65.

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