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Authority record

À la découverte de la République

  • Corporate body
  • 1974

À la découverte de la République est un projet subventionné par Perspectives-Jeunesse. Il a été effectué par un groupe d=étudiants au cours de l'été 1974.

Ce projet avait pour objectifs à court terme de stimuler l=intérêt des citoyens du Madawaska pour la recherche et la conservation de leur patrimoine, de permettre une étude historique du Madawaska et d=accomplir un travail d=animation culturelle dans la région. Comme objectif à long terme, le projet visait à la création d=un musée régional pour la conservation des richesses historiques.

Pour atteindre ces objectifs, les étudiants proposent de dresser un inventaire et un catalogue des sites historiques régionaux (maisons), de monter un inventaire photographique de ces sites, de préparer un montage audio-visuel, de faire de l=animation par les médias locaux et de publier un travail de synthèse réunissant les découvertes les plus importantes du projet. Trente maisons ont été inventoriées méthodiquement par sept étudiants à travers les localités du comté de Madawaska. Ce projet a été mené à terme grâce à la collaboration des citoyens par le biais d=entrevues.

Abner Smith family (Sackville)

  • Family
  • 1793-1914

James Smith was born in MacDuff, Scotland on 18 March 1793 and died in Sackville, New Brunswick on 16 August, 1865. He and his wife, Abigail [b. 1803], had three sons: Alexander [b. 1832], Abner [b. 1836], and Frederick.[b. 1844].

During the first half of the 19th century, James Smith and James Ayer manufactured harnesses, boots, and shoes in Middle Sackville. At this time, W. C. E. Hamilton (known as “Big Hamilton”) built up a large tannery business. They were succeeded by James R. Ayer, and brothers Abner Smith and Alexander Smith and their establishments were purchased by the “Standard” Company organized by A. E. Wry, later renamed A. E. Wry - Standard, Ltd. Dates regarding the amalgamation of these enterprises have not been determined.

In 1895 James Ayer built the Standard Manufacturing Company’s general store on 332 Main Street in Middle Sackville, New Brunswick. In 1914 the shareholders of the Standard Manufacturing Company and A. E. Wry Limited, the two main branches of this industry, combined their efforts to form A.E Wry – Standard Ltd. This company was the largest of its kind in Canada, carrying out under one management the manufacturing of boots and shoes, moccasins and shoepacks, harnesses of all types, and the tanning of various types of leather. They were also jobbers of saddlery, hardware, leather, Saskatchewan robes and coats, sheep skin coats, trunks, bags, etc. In 1939 the general store was purchased by the J. L .Black Company. The date that the A.E Wry – Standard Ltd. Company officially closed its doors has not been determined.

Acadie s'rencontre

  • Corporate body
  • 1977-1980

L’activité L'Acadie s'rencontre a été mise sur pied durant l'année académique 1975-1976 par des étudiantes et étudiants du Centre Universitaire Saint-Louis-Maillet. Elle avait comme objectif d'offrir à la communauté universitaire et à la population en général des occasions d’échanger sur la société acadienne et francophone du Nord-Ouest du Nouveau-Brunswick. Cette activité se déroulait annuellement et durait une semaine. En 1979, L'Acadie s'rencontre 4 s’est déroulée durant tout le mois de février.

L’Acadie s'rencontre a cessé ses activités en 1980 à la suite du départ du groupe d’étudiantes et étudiants organisateurs et de l’absence de relève.

Acadiensis

  • Corporate body
  • 1901-1908, 1971-

The first publication with the title of “Acadiensis” was launched in Saint John, New Brunswick in January 1901 by amateur historian David Russell Jack (1864-1913). He was an active member of the New Brunswick Historical Society and a member of a group in Saint John which had an interest in the preservation of heritage and the promotion of progress in their community. Acadiensis was a general interest quarterly magazine which contained historical, literary, artistic, and cultural articles, with the goal of promoting a regional identity for the Maritime Provinces.

The invented name for the publication is derived from “Acadia”, the historical and scientific name for the geographic region which includes the Maritime Provinces and adjacent areas to the north around the Gulf of St. Lawrence and to the south in northern New England. The name “Acadia” is itself derived from the name the French-speaking population of this geographic region used to refer to themselves, “le peuple Acadien”.

The first run of Acadiensis had to be shut down due to financial difficulties in 1908, and a successor to this magazine would not appear until 1971. The new Acadiensis was created at the University of New Brunswick (UNB) in Fredericton, and its founding editor was Phillip Buckner, a member of UNB’s faculty. This new publication was created because of a desire by Canadian historians to publish more work on regional history during the 1960s and 1970s, and due to dissatisfaction with national history magazines for not offering adequate space for Maritime History papers.

This new version of Acadiensis was a scholarly journal which contained regional history papers, with its geographic scope including the original scope of the fist Acadiensis with the addition of Newfoundland and Labrador. Papers could be in either English or French, and participation from other disciplines such as geography, economics, archives, sociology, and political science were welcomed. The journal is frequently cited in guides to Canadian Historiography, and a two-volume anthology of readings from past issues was included in a Globe and Mail list of the twelve most important titles in Canadian History. Acadiensis is still published bi-annually today.

Acme Baseball Club

  • Corporate body
  • Organized 1874

The Acme Baseball Club was organized on 26 May 1874 at Saint John, New Brunswick. It was limited to thirty regular members with payment of an initiation fee and regular dues (25 cents).

Activités-Jeunesse

  • Corporate body
  • 1971-1980

L'association Activités-Jeunesse a vu le jour en avril 1971. Elle avait pour but de sensibiliser la jeunesse au fait français, de la rendre consciente de ses devoirs de citoyen et de l'aider à exploiter au maximum son potentiel sur les plans culturel, politique et socio-économique.

Avant 1978, Activités-Jeunesse fonctionnait avec deux exécutifs provinciaux, des conseils régionaux, une assemblée législative, des conseils étudiants, des comités Action-Jeunesse et un comité de Droit des jeunes. Dans la plupart des cas, ces instances ne possédaient pas de mandat précis.

Des changements dans la structure de l'organisme permirent d'établir des contacts plus soutenus et fréquents avec les membres et surtout d'initier de nouveaux projets.
Activités-Jeunesse a réalisé au cours des ans plusieurs projets tels que des soirées sociales, des activités culturelles et éducationnelles dans les écoles, des ralliements et des stages de formation.

En 1989, Activités-Jeunesse provincial cesse ses activités, alors qu=elle est remplacée par la Fédération des jeunes francophones du Nouveau-Brunswick.

Adams (Underwood), Florence

  • Person

Florence Adams (Underwood) was the daughter of Judge and Mrs. Emory Marvin Underwood. She studied at Hollins College in Hollins, Virginia. She went on to study interior design in France where she met Gordon Adams and they were married. Gordon Adams was a Canadian connected to the London Insurance Company. The Adams moved back to Canada and lived in Ontario. Florence Adams died in 2000.

Adams, Mary Electa

  • Person
  • 1823-1898

Mary Electa Adams was born in Westbury, Lower Canada (Quebec) on 10 November 1823, the daughter of Rufus and Maria (Hubbard) Adams. She grew up in Adamsville, Upper Canada (now Acton, Ontario) and was educated in a school run by her mother. She completed her studies in Montpelier, Vermont and at the Cobourg Ladies’ Seminary in Ontario. Thereafter, she taught at the Adelaide Academy (Toronto), the Picton Academy, and Albion Academy (Albion, Michigan). In 1854 she was hired as the first preceptress of the Female Academy at Mount Allison in Sackville, New Brunswick. She established a rigorous program of study that ultimately led to Mount Allison University being the first institution in Canada to offer bachelor’s degrees to women. She next led the Wesleyan Ladies’ College (Hamilton, Ontario), established the Brookhurst Academy (Cobourg, Ontario), and finished her fifty year career at the Ontario Ladies’ College (Whitby, Ontario). Mary Electa Adams is widely recognized as an advocate for women’s education and worked tirelessly throughout her life to further this goal. She died in Toronto, Ontario on 5 November 1898.

Adams, Robert Brook

  • Person
  • 1867-1963

Mortician and funeral director Robert Brook Adams, the son of Jackson Adams, was born at Fredericton, New Brunswick in 1867. Jackson Adams conducted a funeral service business in Fredericton for many years, and was also engaged in cabinet and furniture making. By 1886 son Robert was working as a mortician and undertaker, and he continued in the profession for a number of years.

Robert's brother John G. Adams also found employment in the family business. Robert B. Adams married Sarah Haines MacFarlane on 19 September 1894, and they had no fewer than four children: Jean (Mills), James Boone, Roberta (Eaton), and T. Burtt. He died on 3 November 1963 at Fredericton, and is buried in the Rural Cemetery on Woodstock Road.

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