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Authority record

Bailey family (Fredericton)

  • Family
  • Branch begins in 1811

Jacob Whitman Bailey, the son of Jane Whitman and Isaac Bailey, was born in 1811, probably at Providence, Rhode Island. At age 12, family finances forced him to find employment with a local bookseller. By 1828 he enrolled in the United States Military Academy at West Point. He later taught chemistry, mineralogy, and geology there, being a recognized authority on the diatom and infusoria. He married Maria Slaughter, and they had four children: Maria Whitman (1836-1852), Samuel Slaughter (1838-1860), Loring Woart (1839-1925), and William Whitman (1843-1914). J. W. Bailey died on 27 February 1857.

His son Loring Woart Bailey studied at Harvard University and later did graduate work in chemistry at both Brown and Harvard universities. In 1861 L.W. Bailey moved to Fredericton where he became chair of Chemistry and Natural Science at the University of New Brunswick, holding that post until his death in 1925. While at UNB he also taught physics, zoology, physiology, botany, and geology.

In summer, Loring Woart Bailey did field survey work for the Geological Survey of New Brunswick, and later for the Geological Survey of Canada, working in Quebec, Nova Scotia, and Maine. Retiring from UNB in 1907, he concentrated on the study of diatoms and worked with the Marine Biological Station at St. Andrews, N.B. Bailey published numerous scientific articles and books. He served as president of the Natural History Society for several years, and was a charter member of the Royal Society of Canada, contributing numerous papers to its distinguished journal. Professor Bailey and John Babbitt have been credited with making Fredericton’s first telephone, which connected the Bailey home, “Sunnyside,” at 329-331 University Avenue, with the Babbitt house.

In 1863 L. W. Bailey married Laurestine Marie de Brett (1841-1938), the daughter of Margaret Emma Glenn and Joseph Marshall d’Avray, who was professor of Modern Languages at UNB and of its predecessor, King’s College. They had several children, including Joseph Whitman (1865-1932), Loring Woart, Jr. (1868-1943), and George Whitman (1879-1936). Son Joseph practiced law in Boston, compiled genealogies, and also published travel books and biographies. Loring Woart, Jr., worked for the Bank of British North America in Québec. George was a physician and served as medical inspector of schools in Fredericton.

Educator, poet, anthropologist, and administrator Alfred Goldsworthy Bailey, the son Ernestine Valiant Gale and Loring Woart Bailey, Jr., was born in Québec in 1905. He received a B.A. from UNB (1927) and an M.A. (1929) and Ph.D. (1934) from the University of Toronto. In 1934 he enrolled in the School of Economics and Political Science (London) and then studied British and continental museum administration under a Carnegie grant. He married Jean Craig Hamilton (d. 1998); they had no children.

Dr. Bailey had a long and distinguished academic and administrative career. He was employed as assistant director and associate curator at the New Brunswick Museum in Saint John before becoming the first chair of History at UNB (1938-1969). He also served as dean of arts (1946-1964), vice-president academic (1965-1964), and as honorary librarian and chief executive officer of the Bonar Law-Bennett Library (1946-1959), where he worked closely with Lord Beaverbrook. He was also instrument in founding the Bliss Carman Society (1940) and The Fiddlehead (1945). Alfred G. Bailey published several books of poetry, as well as academic books and articles on aspects of history and anthropology. He died at Fredericton on 21 April 1997.

Bailey family (Saint John)

  • Family
  • Branch begins before 1820

John and William Bailey were the sons of William S. and Elizabeth Bailey were were married in New Brunswick in 1820. The father was a shoemaker by trade and died in 1838 at the age of 46, due to complications from his injuries from a scaffolding accident. He was survived by his wife and children.

John Bailey was a merchant in Saint John in 1849. He apparently specialized in flour of several types and cornmeal as he regularly received shipments by sea from Philadelphia and New York. In October 1849, John made what appears to be a sudden decision to leave for California, probably to join the Gold Rush. He signed over power of attorney to settle his business to his brother, William, a printer in Saint John. Several lots of land were also signed over to William. John Bailey died on 13 June 1860 at his residence on Orange Street. His death was listed as inflammation of the lungs.

William S. Bailey was apprenticed to Henry Sancton, a printer in Saint John in 1839 for a period of 5 years by his mother and guardian Elizabeth Bailey. As part of his apprenticeship, William worked in Saint John on the "Herald", a Henry Sancton publication in 1844 and in Fredericton, at the "Reporter" [184?]. He married Mary Elizabeth Williams in 1846 and they had 10 children, Margaret, Isabell, William, Rachael, Jane L., Lora E., Louisa, Maud, Charlotte, and Emily. During his career as a printer, William appears to have collaborated with a prominent Saint John printer, George W. Day, on occasion. Bailey is listed as a co-publisher of the "Saint John Mail", published 1847-1848.

Sources: "McAlpines Saint John City Directory," 1863-1864; Census 1851, 1861, 1871; Harper, J. Russell, Historical Directory of New Brunswick Newspapers and Periodicals

Bailey family (UNB)

  • Family
  • Branch begins in late 18th or early 19th century

Little is known of Joseph Head Marshall because he burned most of his confidential papers, and other "very important" papers were destroyed by his son's widow. He corresponded with Edward Jenner and apparently introduced vaccination to British sailors and civilians in Mediterranean countries prior to 1801. According to great-grandson Joseph Whitman Bailey, he worked as a secret courier in 1815 between Murat, Fouche, Napoleon, and the British, promoting the restoration of the house of Bourbon.

Later Marshall worked as a British secret agent, and his second wife Elizabeth Golding Elrington (1791-1847), the mother of 12 of his children, was allegedly also a secret agent or spy. Marshall was given the title Baron d'Avray despite the fact there was already a titled d'Avray family. His eldest son Joseph de Brett (1811-1871) lost his fortune and called himself simply Joseph Marshall d'Avray. The title was taken up again by his grandson Loring Woart Bailey, Jr.

Isaac Bailey was a lawyer and editor from Providence, Rhode Island. In 1810 he married Jane Whitman (1793-1886), and they had 3 children: Jacob Whitman Bailey (1811-1856), William Mason Bailey (1815-1897), and Samuel Emerson Bailey (d. 1846). Jane Whitman Bailey's second husband, George Keely, was a professor at Colby College.

Jacob Whitman Bailey went to work in a Providence bookstore at the age of 12. In 1828 he enrolled in the United States Military Academy at West Point, where, in 1834, he became assistant professor of chemistry. The next year he married Maria Slaughter of Culpeper, Virginia, and they had four children: Maria Whitman (1836-1852), Samuel Slaughter (1838-1860), Loring Woart (1839-1925), and William Whitman (1843-1914).

In 1838 Jacob was promoted to professor of chemistry, mineralogy, and geology. He also worked in the field of microbiology, collaborating with Irish botanist William Henry Harvey and exchanging specimens with Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg and Friedrich Traugott Kutzing.

He occasionally wrote poetry and exchanged poetic riddles and solutions with Maria Mayo Scott, the wife of General Winfield Scott. His daughter Maria also wrote poetry and sketched. In July 1852, while on holiday, Jacob, his wife Maria, his daughter Maria, and his son William were caught in one of the worst shipping disasters of the century, the burning of the "Henry Clay". Only he and William survived.

Loring Woart Bailey and William Whitman Bailey, children of Jacob Whitman and Maria (Slaughter) Bailey, both became science professors. William Whitman Bailey remained in the United States. He volunteered for the Union Army during the Civil War, but was discharged for medical reasons. He studied at Brown and became professor of Botany there after years of holding temporary appointments. In 1881 he married Eliza Randall Simmons. William wrote articles on botany, poems, and prose. His daughter Margaret Emerson Bailey (1885-1949), a civic politician and writer, published poems, novels, a gardening book, and a guide to good manners.

Loring Woart Bailey attended Harvard University and completed graduate work in chemistry at both Brown and Harvard. While at university he studied under Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Louis Agassiz, and Asa Gray; edited his father's letters; wrote his biography; prepared a family genealogy; and wrote a paper based on his father's microbiological investigations.

At Harvard he worked with Josiah Cooke, who facilitated his hiring by the University of New Brunswick to fill the position of professor of chemistry and natural science left vacant by the death of James Robb. Relocating to Fredericton, New Brunswick, in 1861, Bailey later taught geology and biology. He corresponded with Benjamin Silliman, William Henry Harvey, R. K. Greville, O. N. Rood, and H. L. Smith. During the early years, Bailey suffered from a sense of scientific isolation.

Bailey, Alfred Goldsworthy

  • Person
  • 1905-1997

Alfred Goldsworthy Bailey was born in Québec City in 1905 and died in Fredericton in 1997. He received a BA from the University of New Brunswick in 1927 and a doctorate from the University of Toronto in 1934. In the same year he married Jean Craig, daughter of Samuel Alexander Hamilton of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan.
As a young man he worked as a reporter on the Toronto "Mail and Empire". He became assistant director and associate curator at the New Brunswick Museum in 1935. In 1938 he returned to the University of New Brunswick to become head of the History Department. In 1946 he became Dean of Arts and Honorary Librarian of the Bonar Law-Bennett Library. From 1965 to 1969 he was vice-president academic and on his retirement in 1970, became the first professor emeritus in history.
He taught history, anthropology, psychology and sociology. He wrote poetry and was largely responsible for founding the "Fiddlehead", one of Canada's oldest literary journals. From 1936-1937, Alfred Bailey was president of the Saint John Art Club and president of the Friends of the Library Association, Saint John in 1937. He collected biographical information about members of his family. Joseph Marshall de Brett Marechel D'Avray, second baron d'Avray (1811-1871) and his son-in-law Loring Woart Bailey, (1839-1925) .

Baird, Frank

  • Person
  • 1870-1951

Educator, pastor, and preacher Frank Baird was born in Chipman, Queens County, New Brunswick, on 8 January 1870. He received his teacher's licence from the provincial Normal School in 1890, and taught briefly before enrolling in the University of New Brunswick. He graduated from UNB with a Bachelor of Arts degree and later earned a Master of Arts degree at Dalhousie College.

Baird was ordained a minister in the Presbyterian Church, and served congregations at Sussex (1901-1911) and Woodstock (1911-1920) in New Brunswick and at Pictou and Bedford in Nova Scotia. In 1927 he received the degree of Doctor of Divinity from the Presbyterian College at Montréal, Québec. In 1930 the Rev. Frank Baird was elected Moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Canada. For the last 30 years of his life he served as Clerk and Treasurer of the Maritime Synod and held offices on various church boards.

In addition to his career in the Church, Frank Baird penned a number of short stories which were set in New Brunswick. He also wrote historical sketches and religious essays and spoke at public events. Some of his sermons and addresses were printed in newspapers and periodicals. The Rev. Frank Baird was residing in Fredericton when he died on 22 June 1951.

Baird, George Thomas

  • Person
  • 1847-1917

George Thomas Baird was born in 1847, at Bairdsville, Carleton County, New Brunswick, of Scottish ancestry. He was the son of George and Frances (Bishop) Baird. He married Ida Jane Sadler, daughter of Captain Dexter W. Sadler, of Saint John in 1879 and had two sons.
George Baird was educated at the public school and the Provincial Normal School. He taught school for a number of years. He also was engaged in general mercantile and lumbering business in Andover. He was a Mason, a postmaster at Perth, 1878-1882, and a justice of the peace for Victoria County. He represented Victoria County in the House of Assembly, 1884-1890 and 1892-1895, as a Conservative. He was called to the Senate of Canada, in June 1895, where he served until his death in Andover in 1917.

Source: Prominent People of New Brunswick, 1937

Balch, Reginald Ernest

  • Person
  • 1894-1994

Reginald Ernest Balch was born in Sevenoaks, England, in 1894, the son of Sarah Hawkes and Rev. Alfred Ernest Balch. He emigrated to Canada in 1913 and following service as a lieutenant in the Canadian Field Artillery, attended the Ontario Agricultural College (BSA, 1923) and Syracuse University (MSc and PhD).

In 1930 Balch was appointed officer in charge of the Dominion Entomological Laboratory, a federal government facility, located on the UNB campus in Fredericton. In the years that followed, he received world recognition for his work as a forester, entomologist, ecologist, and conservationist. He discovered and promoted the method of biological control that eliminated the threat of the European spruce sawfly which had been destroying forests in Eastern Canada, directed the first budworm spray program in NB in the 1950s and was instrumental in persuading the City of Fredericton to take action against the Dutch Elm beetle. His five half-hour radio lectures for the CBC's long-running adult-education programme, "University of the Air," during the spring of 1965, were essential to the introduction of the word "ecology" to the public. The texts of these lectures were later published in The Ecological Viewpoint (Toronto: CBC, 1965).

Following his retirement from the Fredericton laboratory in 1960, he began to take his life-long hobby of photography more seriously, eventually publishing two books of photographs, A Mind's Eye in 1985 and Celebrations of Nature in 1991. Balch's photographs were also used to illustrate Alden Nowlan's Early poems, published in 1983. His photos have also appeared in Camera Canada and the International Photography Year Book.

Throughout his life, Balch was the recipient of many awards and honours: an honorary Doctor of Science degree from UNB (1963); the first Canadian and, at the time, only the second non-US resident to receive the Society of American Foresters Award of Achievement in Biological Research; honorary member of the Canadian and American societies of Entomology; honorary president of the Conservation Council of NB; recipient of the Silver Medal from the Royal Society of Arts; and recipient of the Distinguished Citizen's Award of the Fredericton Chamber of Commerce (1985).

Reg Balch died, aged 99, on 14 April 1994 in Fredericton, NB.

Source: UA Case 73m - UNB Honorary Degree Recipients, Biographies

Bank of Fredericton

  • Corporate body
  • Established in 1836, merged with another bank in 1839

The Bank of Fredericton was established in 1836 by a group of Fredericton, New Brunswick, businessmen. Trustees were Asa Coy, Thomas T. Smith, Robert Chestnut, William Dale Harte and Charles Fisher. The bank issued notes of five shillings, 10 shillings, one pound, and five pound denominations, which were exempt from the prohibition on private currency in the New Brunswick Bank Act of 1837. At the time of its incorporation with the Commercial Bank of New Brunswick on 28 February 1839, The Bank of Fredericton had £23,700 in notes in circulation, most of which were called in during the following year and burned.

Bannister, Philip

  • Person
  • [1860 or 1861]

Philip Bannister was born in 1860 or 1861 in Rockland, New Brunswick. He was the son of Jeremiah Bannister, born 1818 at Sackville, N.B., and Jane Lounsbury. Jeremiah apparently worked as a constable and as a ship's carpenter. Philip's younger brother, Jonas, born around 1865, died 13 October 1882 of massive injuries after falling from the upper main topsail. He was buried at sea that evening.

Philip was a cook and steward on board a number of sailing vessels, most of which were either built in Saint John or in Saint Martin's, N.B: "Frederica", "Daphne", "Cricket", "Orontes", "Maiden City", and the "Katahdin". He married Elizabeth R. Boutilier of Glace Bay, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia on 6 October 1887. They had two daughters, Sarah, and Bell, and a son, Robbie.

"Heads of Households of Cities, Towns, Villages, and Settlements of New Brunswick", 1865-1866; Marriage Register 1857-1888, Westmorland County; and Census 1871, 1891, Westmorland County

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